Gordon Tobing

From Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Woimba nyimbo wa Batak Gordon Tobing (m'ma 1960), ndi Tati Studios. Inabwezeretsedwa File:Gordon Tobing (c. 1960) - Before restoration.jpg

Gordon Lumban Tobing (27 August 1925 - 13 January 1993) anali woimba wa ku Indonesian nyimbo zambiri, makamaka zomwe zili m'chinenero cha Batak. Atabadwira ku banja la Batak ku Medan, kumpoto kwa Sumatra, Tobing anasamukira ku Jakarta mu 1950 ndipo anayamba kugwira ntchito m'makampani osangalatsa. Ali ndi Radio Republik Indonesian, adakhala nawo mtsogoleri wa chikhalidwe cha Indonesian ku Phwando la 4 la Achinyamata ndi Ophunzila Padziko Lonse. Pa nthawi yotsala ya moyo wake Tobing anaphatikizidwa mu nthumwi zambiri zofanana, potsiriza kupita ku makontinenti asanu.

Moyo wakuubwana[edit | sintha gwero]

Tobing anabadwira ku Medan, North Sumatra, pa 27 August 1925. Iye anali wachiwiri mwa ana anayi obadwa ndi Rumulus Lumban Tobing, woimba, ndi mkazi wake Frieda Hutabarat. Monga atate wawo ndi agogo aamuna aamuna, Lamsana, adali amtundu wa mpingo wawo, abale ake a Tobing (Douglas, Gordon, Nelson, ndi Adella) anakulira m'nyumba yomwe nyimbo za tchalitchi nthawi zambiri zimaimbidwa ndikukonda nyimbo kuyambira ali aang'ono . Abale onse anayi anakhala oimba, ndipo Gordon anatenga gitala. Rumulus atagwira ntchito ku Singapore mu 1936, abale akewo anapita naye; Gordon ankakhala mumzindawo kwa zaka ziwiri.

Kusangalatsa nyimbo[edit | sintha gwero]

Mu 1950, pambuyo pozindikira ufulu wa Indonesia ku Indonesia, Gordon Tobing adachokera ku Jakarta ku Ulaya ndipo anayamba ntchito ya Produksi Film Negara (PFN). Pamene studio ikuwonetsa filimu ya Rakjat Memilih (The People Choose), Tobing adafunsidwa kuti apeze oimba ena kuti apereke nyimbo. Anabweretsa Soryana, Tiur, ndi Ellen Hutabarat, ana aakazi a wachibale wapatali. Pogwiritsa ntchito dzina lakuti Sinondang Tapian Nauli, anthu atatuwa adachitiranso ku hotels mumzindawu. Tobing adayamba kukwera ku nyumba ya Hutabarat mu 1951, ngakhale adauzidwa kuti achoke mu 1954 atangoyamba mwana wamkazi wamng'ono, Theresia. Makolo ake, amene anali atasankha kale mwamuna wake, sanavomereze.

Mu 1951 Tobing anasiya PFN kuti alowe ku Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI), komwe anakhala komweko kwa zaka zinayi. Sinondang Tapian Nauli ankakonda kuchita pawunivesite pulogalamu ya Panggung Gembira ndi Sekuntum Melati. Mu 1953 Tobing anapita ndi nthumwi ya chi Indonesia ku 4th International Festival of Youth and Students, yomwe inachitikira ku Bucharest, Romania. Pa nthawi yomwe adaimba "Sinanggar Tulo" ndi "Embun", komanso "Rayuan Pulau Kelapa". Iye analemba nyimbo yomalizira iyi ku USSR, kumene idakhala yotchuka. Paulendo wamabasi ndi nthumwi za chikhalidwe, nthawi zambiri amayamba kusewera gitala ndikuitana anzake kuti aziimba. Iravana wotchedwa Durban Ardjo adakumbukira kuti izi zathandiza nthumwi ndi makomiti okonzekera kumudzi kukhala ndi chidziwitso chakuyanjana ndi chidziwitso.

Ntchito yotsatira ndi imfa[edit | sintha gwero]

Banjali linakhala ku Medan kwa zaka zingapo, ndipo Tobing adagwiridwa ndi gulu lotsogolera ku China la Sio Ie She. Anakhazikitsanso gulu lake lomwe, Suara Harapan, lomwe linagwira pa nthambi ya RRI ya Medan. Komabe, Tobing adakhumudwa ndi mzindawu, ndipo mu 1959 iye ndi Theresia adachoka ku Medan kuti abwerere ku Jakarta, komwe adayanjana ndi ojambula ndi ojambula a ku Indonesia omwe si a boma pa ulendo wa kum'mawa kwa Ulaya. Pambuyo pa zaka zotsatira, adatengapo nawo mbali pulogalamu ya nthumwi yambiri ya chikhalidwe, kuphatikizapo imodzi ku Fair Fair World 1964. Pozindikira kuti ali ndi luso loimba, Tobing adalandira gitala kuchokera kwa Pulezidenti Gamal Abdel Nasser wa ku Egypt komanso guitar wina wa Fidel Castro. Anaperekanso ndondomeko ndi Prince Norodom Sihanouk wa ku Cambodia.

Mu 1960, Tobing ndi mkazi wake adakhazikitsa gulu la mawu a Impola; iwo amagwira ntchito ndi Koes Hendratmo (id) kwa kanthawi, ndipo kawirikawiri ankachitiranso alendo otchuka. Izi zinaphatikizapo Mkulu Prince Akihito wa ku Japan, yemwe Tobing anaimba nyimbo ya anthu a ku Japan. [9] Tobing ndi Hutabarat anapitirizabe kuimira Indonesia monga nthumwi za chikhalidwe, potsirizira pake kupita ku makontinenti asanu. Tobing inagwiritsanso ntchito mabungwe ambiri a boma, kuphatikizapo Indonesia Police, Bank of Indonesia, ndi Bank Dagang Nasional Indonesia (id) (National Bank Bank of Indonesia). Anayitsidwanso ku Nyumba ya Merdeka kuti akonzekerere Purezidenti Suharto.

Tobing anafera ku Jakarta pa 1:30 mmawa (UTC + 7) pa 13 January 1993. Msonkhano wa chikumbutso unachitikira ku Sahid Hotel ku Jakarta mwezi wotsatira.

Mtundu wa nyimbo[edit | sintha gwero]

Tobing anali kudziphunzitsa yekha. Momwemo, malinga ndi Tempo, makonzedwe a nyimbo zake zinali zopanda ntchito ndipo luso lake la kusewera gitala sizinali zodabwitsa. Magaziniyi imasonyeza kupambana kwake kukhalapo kwake komanso kukhala ndi mwayi wosangalatsa nthawi iliyonse. Zimamulongosola ngati omvetsera odabwitsa mwa kukana kugwiritsa ntchito maikolofoni ndi kuyenda kuchoka pa siteji ndi makamu akuyang'anira, atanyamula gitala ndi kuimba zikuwoneka ngati palibe chovuta. Nthawi zambiri ankachita nyimbo za chinenero cha Batak, kuphatikizapo "Imbani Sing So" ndi "Butet". Jennifer Lindsay, polembera mu 2012, akufotokoza Tobing kuti safafaniza kale.

Tobing anakana kulandira mgwirizano wogwira ntchito ndi mahotela kapena mipiringidzo, ndipo pamene analemba nyimbo iye nthawi zambiri anakana kulemba kapena kugulitsa. Izi zinamulepheretsa ndalama, ndipo iye ndi banja lake ankakhala ndi apongozi ake a nyumba ya mamita 3 ndi 15 (9,8 ft 49.2 ft) ku Kebon Sirih, ku Jakarta. [2] Tobing nthawi zambiri amatenga basi m'malo moyendetsa galimoto, ndipo, atafunsidwa kuti achite ku Krems kulengeza mwambo wa nyimbo ku Donau ku Austria mu September 1981, adafunafuna wothandizira popeza sakanatha kupereka tikiti.

Tobing analembera ma Album awiri ku Indonesia.

Zolemba[edit | sintha gwero]

Ntchito zatchulidwa[edit | sintha gwero]

  • Ardjo, Irawati Durban (2012). "New Sundanese dance for New Stages". In Jennifer Lindsay; Maya H.T. Liem. Heirs to World Culture: Being Indonesian, 1950–1965. Leiden: KITLV Press. ISBN 978-90-6718-379-6.
  • "Dengan Medali, Menggendong Gitar" [With a Medal, Cradling a Guitar]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 15 November 1981. (Subscription required (help)).
  • Lindsay, Jennifer (2012). "Performing Indonesia Abroad". In Jennifer Lindsay; Maya H.T. Liem. Heirs to World Culture: Being Indonesian, 1950–1965. Leiden: KITLV Press. ISBN 978-90-6718-379-6.
  • "Pengawal Musik Rakyat" [Pioneer of Folk Music]. Matra (in Indonesian). May 1993. pp. 96–101.
  • Tempo team, ed. (1981). Apa dan Siapa: Sejumlah Orang Indonesia 1981–1982 [Who and What: A Number of Indonesian People 1981–1982] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Grafiti. OCLC 220021666.

Template:Authority control