Mpira

From Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Maseŵera a mpira, omwe amadziwikanso ngati mpira ndi masewera a masewera omwe amasewera pakati pa magulu awiri a osewera khumi ndi limodzi omwe ali ndi mpira wozungulira. Iwo amasewera ndi osewera 250 miliyoni m'mayiko oposa 200 ndi kudalira, ndikupanga masewera otchuka kwambiri padziko lapansi.[1][2][3][4] Masewerawa amasewera m'munda wamakono ndi cholinga pakutha. Cholinga cha masewerawo ndi kuponya mpira pogwiritsa ntchito mzere wopita kutsogolo.Msonkhano wa mpira ndi umodzi wa banja la masewera a mpira omwe adatuluka m'maseŵera osiyanasiyana a mpira omwe adasewera padziko lapansi kuyambira kale. Masewera amasiku ano akuwonekera kuyambira 1863 pamene Malamulo a Masewera adayambitsidwa ku England ndi The Football Association.

Osewera saloledwa kugwira mpirawo ndi manja kapena manja pamene akusewera, pulumutsani ozilonda m'deralo. Ena osewera amagwiritsa ntchito miyendo yawo kumenyana kapena kupitila mpira, koma amagwiritsanso ntchito mbali ina iliyonse ya thupi lawo kupatula manja ndi mikono. Iye adagonjetsa zolinga zambiri pamapeto pa masewerawo. Ngati mpikisano uli pamapeto pa masewerowo, mwina kujambulitsa kumatchulidwa kapena masewerawa amapita nthawi yowonjezera kapena kuwombera chilango malinga ndi mtundu wa mpikisano. Msonkhano wa mpira wautali umayendetsedwa padziko lonse ndi International Federation of Association Football (FIFA; French: Fédération Internationale de Football Association), yomwe ikukonzekeretsa Zophika Zapadziko lonse kwa amuna ndi akazi zaka zinayi zilizonse

Mfundo[edit | edit source]

Zolemba[edit | edit source]

  1. "Overview of Football". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  2. Guttman, Allen (1993). "The Diffusion of Sports and the Problem of Cultural Imperialism". In Dunning, Eric; Maguire, Joseph A.; Pearton, Robert E. The Sports Process: A Comparative and Developmental Approach. Champaign: Human Kinetics. p. 129. ISBN 0-88011-624-2. "the game is complex enough not to be invented independently by many preliterate cultures and yet simple enough to become the world's most popular team sport" 
  3. Dunning, Eric (1999). "The development of soccer as a world game". Sport Matters: Sociological Studies of Sport, Violence and Civilisation. London: Routledge. p. 103. ISBN 0-415-06413-9. "During the twentieth century, soccer emerged as the world's most popular team sport" 
  4. Mueller, Frederick; Cantu, Robert; Van Camp, Steven (1996). "Team Sports". Catastrophic Injuries in High School and College Sports. Champaign: Human Kinetics. p. 57. ISBN 0-87322-674-7. "Soccer is the most popular sport in the world and is an industry worth over US$400 billion world wide. 80% of this is generated in Europe, though its popularity is growing in the United States. It has been estimated that there were 22 million soccer players in the world in the early 1980s, and that number is increasing. In the United States soccer is now a major sport at both the high school and college levels"