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2021-2022 Mavuto aku Russia-Ukraine

From Wikipedia
Mapu a Mikangano ya Russia-Ukraine (2014-panopa).

Mu Marichi ndi Epulo 2021, monga gawo la Nkhondo ya Russo-Ukrainian, Purezidenti waku Russia Vladimir Putin adalamula asitikali aku Russia kuti ayambe kusonkhanitsa anthu masauzande ambiri ndi zida pafupi ndi malire ake ndi Ukraine komanso ku Crimea, zomwe zikuyimira kulimbikitsa kwakukulu kuyambira pomwe Crimea idalandidwa. 2014.[1][2] Izi zidapangitsa kuti pakhale zovuta zapadziko lonse lapansi komanso kuda nkhawa kuti zitha kuwukira. Zithunzi za satellite zimasonyeza mayendedwe a zida, mizinga, ndi zida zamphamvu.[3][4] Asilikali adachotsedwa pang'ono pofika mu June 2021.[5] Vutoli lidayambiranso mu Okutobala 2021, pomwe asitikali aku Russia opitilira 100,000 adasonkhananso kuzungulira Ukraine kumbali zitatu pofika Disembala.[6]

Vuto lomwe likupitilirapo limachokera ku Nkhondo ya Russo-Ukrainian yomwe idayamba ngati chipwirikiti kumayambiriro kwa chaka cha 2014. Mu Disembala 2021, dziko la Russia lidapititsa patsogolo mapangano awiri omwe anali ndi zopempha zomwe adazitcha "zitsimikizo zachitetezo", kuphatikiza lonjezo lovomerezeka mwalamulo kuti Ukraine. sakanalowa nawo bungwe la North Atlantic Treaty

Purezidenti wa Russia Vladimir Putin (kumanzere), ndi Purezidenti wa Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy (kumanja)

Organisation (NATO) komanso kuchepetsedwa kwa asitikali a NATO ndi zida zankhondo zomwe zili ku Eastern Europe, ndikuwopseza kuyankha kosadziwika bwino ngati zofunazo sizikukwaniritsidwa mokwanira. NATO yakana zopempha izi, ndipo dziko la United States linachenjeza Russia za chilango cha "zachuma chofulumira komanso choopsa" ngati ingawononge Ukraine. Vutoli lakhala likukhudzana ndi nkhondo yomwe ikuchitika ku Donbas ndipo ena olemba ndemanga akufotokozedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwazovuta kwambiri ku Ulaya kuyambira nthawi ya Cold War.[7][8][9]

Pa February 21, 2022, dziko la Russia linavomereza mwalamulo zigawo ziwiri zomwe zagawanika kum'mawa kwa Ukraine, Donetsk People's Republic ndi Luhansk People's Republic, monga mayiko odziimira okha, ndipo adatumiza asilikali ku Donbas, zomwe zimatanthauzidwa kuti Russia ikuchoka ku Minsk Protocol. Malipabuliki opatukawo anazindikiridwa m’malire a zigawo zawo za ku Ukraine, zomwe zimapitirira kutali ndi njira yolumikizirana. Pa 22 February, a Putin adanena kuti mapangano a Minsk sanalinso ovomerezeka. Patsiku lomwelo, Bungwe la Federation linavomereza mogwirizana kugwiritsa ntchito magulu ankhondo m'madera.[10]

M'mawa wa 24 February, a Putin adalengeza kuti Russia ikuyambitsa "ntchito yapadera yankhondo" ku Donbas, ndipo idayambitsa nkhondo yonse ku Ukraine.


Zolemba[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

  1. Holland, Steve; Shalal, Andrea; Landay, Jonathan (8 April 2021). Paul, Franklin; Dunham, Will (ed.). "Russian force on Ukraine border larger than any time since 2014, U.S. says". Reuters. File photo by Kevin Lamarque. Washington D.C.: Thomson Corporation. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  2. Kramer, Andrew E. (9 April 2021). "Russian Troop Movements and Talk of Intervention Cause Jitters in Ukraine". The New York Times (in English). Article updated 30 April 2021. Moscow. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 8 February 2022. Russia has amassed more troops on the Ukrainian border than at any time since 2014.
  3. "Satellite images show Russian military buildup along Ukraine border". Reuters (in English). Photographs by Maxar Technologies. Thomson Corporation. 20 April 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2022.CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. "Satellite Images Show Military Buildup In Russia, Ukraine". rferl.org (in English). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 21 April 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  5. Bielieskov, Mykola (21 September 2021). "The Russian and Ukrainian Spring 2021 War Scare". csis.org (in English). Photo by Dimitar Dilkoff. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Archived from the original on 25 November 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022. Ukrainian estimates provided to the OSCE in June 2021 show that only 12,000 Russian forces were removed from the border, and the rest remain in place.
  6. Troianovski, Anton; Sanger, David E. (16 January 2022). "Russia Issues Subtle Threats More Far-Reaching Than a Ukraine Invasion". The New York Times (in English). Photo by Associated Press. Vienna. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 27 January 2022. No one expected much progress from this past week’s diplomatic marathon to defuse the security crisis Russia has ignited in Eastern Europe by surrounding Ukraine on three sides with 100,000 troops and then, by the White House’s accounting, sending in saboteurs to create a pretext for invasion.
  7. Sanger, David E. (10 January 2022). "In U.S.-Russia Talks, How Far Can Putin Turn Back the Clock?". The New York Times (in English). Washington D.C. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 19 January 2022. Retrieved 21 January 2022. The lesson of the past year may be that while the Cold War is long over, Cold War-like behavior lives on. And in the three decades since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the tension between the world’s two principal nuclear adversaries has never been worse — making the pathway to a peaceful de-escalation harder to discern.
  8. Isachenkov, Vladimir (26 December 2021). "Putin to mull options if West refuses guarantees on Ukraine". AP News (in English). Moscow: Associated Press. Archived from the original on 22 January 2022. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  9. Mark, Gongloff (13 January 2022). "Putin Launches an Unwelcome Cold War Reboot". Bloomberg News. Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on 21 January 2022. Retrieved 21 January 2022. This practice lost favor, perhaps not coincidentally, right around the time the Soviet Union’s sphere popped like a balloon in a Chuck E. Cheese brawl. That left the United States alone with a world-sized balloon, at which point everybody agreed spheres of influence were passé. Now, with the growing shakiness of the Pax Americana as Chinese and Russian powers grow, this ugly game is rebooting yet again, Andreas warns.
  10. "Совфед дал согласие на использование ВС за пределами страны" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 22 February 2022. Retrieved 22 February 2022.