Abdulrazak Gurnah

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Abdulrazak Gurnah mu 2009

Abdulrazak Gurnah FRSL (wobadwa pa 20 Disembala 1948) ndi wolemba komanso wophunzira yemwe amakhala ku United Kingdom. Adabadwira ku Sultanate waku Zanzibar ndipo adapita ku United Kingdom ngati wothawa kwawo mzaka za 1960 nthawi ya Revolution ya Zanzibar. Mabuku ake ndi monga Paradise (1994), yemwe adasankhidwa kukhala Booker komanso Mphoto ya Whitbread; Kuthawa (2005); and By the Sea (2001), yomwe idasankhidwa kukhala Booker ndipo idasankhidwa kukhala Mphotho ya Los Angeles Times Book. Gurnah adapatsidwa mphotho ya Nobel mu Literature mu 2021 "chifukwa chololera mosasunthika komanso mwachifundo pazotsatira za atsamunda komanso zomwe zidachitika kwa othawa kwawo kudera pakati pazikhalidwe ndi makontinenti".[1][2][3]

Moyo woyambirira komanso ntchito[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Abdulrazak Gurnah adabadwa pa 20 Disembala 1948 ku Sultanate of Zanzibar, komwe tsopano ndi gawo la Tanzania yamakono. Anachoka pachilumbachi ali ndi zaka 18 kutsatira kulanda kwa olamulira achiarabu olamulira mu Revolution ya Zanzibar, atafika ku England mu 1968 ngati wothawa kwawo. A Gurnah adanenedwa kuti, "Ndidabwera ku England pomwe mawu awa, monga ofunafuna chitetezo, sanali ofanana - anthu ambiri akuvutika ndikuthawa mayiko achigawenga."

Poyamba adaphunzira ku Christ Church College, ku Canterbury, omwe madigiri awo anali panthawi yomwe amapatsidwa ndi University of London. Kenako adasamukira ku Yunivesite ya Kent, komwe adapeza PhD yake, ndi mutu wazolemba wotchedwa Criteria in the Criticism of West African Fiction, mu 1982. Kuyambira 1980 mpaka 1983, Gurnah adakambirana ku Bayero University Kano ku Nigeria. Anali pulofesa ku dipatimenti ya Chingerezi ya University of Kent mpaka atapuma pantchito.

Gurnah adasindikiza magawo awiri a Essays on African Writing ndipo adafalitsa zolemba za olemba angapo amakono omwe adalemba pambuyo pa ukoloni, kuphatikiza V. Naipaul, Salman Rushdie ndi Zoë Wicomb. Ndiye mkonzi wa A Companion kwa Salman Rushdie (Cambridge University Press, 2007). Wakhala mkonzi wothandizira wa Wasafiri kuyambira 1987.[4] Wakhala woweruza wa mphotho kuphatikiza Caine Prize for African Writing[5] ndi Booker Prize.[6]

Zolemba[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

  1. "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2021". NobelPrize.org. 7 October 2021. Archived from the original on 7 October 2021. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
  2. Flood, Alison (7 October 2021). "Abdulrazak Gurnah wins the 2021 Nobel prize in literature". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 October 2021. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
  3. "Nobel Literature Prize 2021: Abdulrazak Gurnah named winner". BBC News. 7 October 2021. Archived from the original on 7 October 2021. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
  4. "Abdulrazak Gurnah" (in English). Wasafiri. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
  5. "Kenyan wins African writing prize". BBC News. 16 July 2002.
  6. "Abdulrazak Gurnah on being appointed as Man Booker Prize judge". University of Kent. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2021.