Chizindikiro cha Stop

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Imani Chizindikiro Ku Lusaka Zambia

Chikwangwani choyimira kapena Stop M'Chingerezi ndi chizindikiro chamsewu chopangidwa kuti chidziwitse madalaivala kuti ayenera kuima kwathunthu ndikuwonetsetsa kuti palibe magalimoto ena omwe akubwera ndipo palibe oyenda pansi omwe akudutsa asanakwere.

Matchulidwe[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Msonkhano wapadziko lonse wa Vi8 wa 1968 pa Road Signs ndi Signals umalola mitundu iwiri ya zilembo komanso mitundu itatu yovomerezeka. Sign B2a ndi octagon wofiira wokhala ndi mawu akuti "STOP" mwa zoyera. Sign B2b ndi bwalo wofiira wokhala ndi utoto wofiirira wokhala ndi mtundu woyera kapena wachikaso, ndipo cholembedwa "STOP" mumtambo wakuda kapena wamdima. Msonkhanowu umalola kuti mawu oti "STOP" akhale mu Chingerezi kapena chilankhulo cha dzikolo. Mtundu womalizidwa ndi Msonkhano wa United Nations Woona Zachuma ndi Zosiyanasiyana pa Road Traffic mu 1968 (ndipo mu 1978) akutsimikizira chizindikiro chokhala ndi mayimitsi a 600, 900 kapena 1200 mm.

Zizindikiro zakuimitsa ku United Kingdom ndi New Zealand ndi 750, 900 kapena 1200 mm, malingana ndi malo amasaina ndi kuthamanga kwa magalimoto.[1][2]

Ku United States, zizindikiro zoyimitsa zili ndi kukula kwa 750 mm kudutsa moyang'anizana ndi ma octagon ofiira, wokhala ndi malire oyera a 20 mm. Zilembo zazikuluzikulu zokhala ndi zipewa zing'onozing'ono zomwe zimapanga nthanoyo ndi 250mm. Zizindikiro zazikulu za 900 mm (35 in) zokhala ndi nthano ya 300 mm (12 mu) ndi 25 mm (⅞ in) amagwiritsidwa ntchito pama msewu a multilane. Zoyang'anira zilipo pazizindikiro zazikulu kwambiri za 1,200 mm (47 mu) zokhala ndi nthano ya 400 mm (16 mu) ndi 30 mm (1 1⁄4 mu) malire oti mugwiritse ntchito pomwe mawonekedwe a chizindikiro kapena mawonekedwe akutali ali ochepa, komanso chizindikiritso chaching'ono chovomerezeka kukula kwa ntchito wamba ndi 600 mm (24 mu) ndi nthano ya 200 mm (7.9 mu) ndi 15 mm (⅝ in). [6] Zoyimira metric zomwe zalongosoledwa m'mabuku azoyang'anira ku US ndizowerengeka za mayendedwe aku US, osati kutembenuka kwenikweni. Munda, nthano, ndi malire zonse zimabwezeretseka. Mu msonkhano wa Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals of the UN, malangizo omwe ali pa chikwatu kuti ayime akufotokozedwa kuti azikhala achingerezi monga kuyimitsa kapena kulembedwa m'chinenerochi. Mayiko ena amagwiritsa ntchito zonsezi. Dongosolo losiyana ndi chikwangwanicho linapangidwa ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito koyamba ku U.S, ndipo kenako linavomerezedwa ndi mayiko ena ndi U.N. Ngakhale izi, US sikuti sigwirizana ndi UN Convention.

Zolemba[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

  1. "UK Department of Transport. Traffic Signs Manual, Chapter 3: Regulatory Signs" (PDF). 9 September 2008. Archived from the original on 1 June 2010.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) (2.0 MB)
  2. New Zealand Transport Agency. Traffic Control Devices Manual: General requirements for traffic signs, (963 KB)