Christopher Columbus

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Chithunzichi chinaperekedwa m'zaka zoyambirira za m'ma 1800, pambuyo pa imfa ya Columbus. Imawonetsedwa muwonetsero ya Museum of the sea ndi kayendedwe ka Genoa, "Padiglione del Mare ku Navigazione."

Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) anali wochita malonda a Genoese, wofufuzira, ndi woyenda panyanja. Iye anabadwira ku Genoa, Italy, m'chaka cha 1451. "Christopher Columbus" ndi dzina lachingelezi la Chingelezi la Columbus. Dzina lake lenileni mu Italiya linali Cristoforo Colombo; dzina lake m'Chisipanishi linali Cristóbal Colón.

Mu 1492, Columbus anafika pachilumba cha Bahamas, woyamba ku Ulaya kuti achite zimenezo. Cholinga chake choyamba chinali kupeza njira yofulumira yopita ku Asia kuchokera ku Ulaya. Iye akutamandidwa ndi kupezeka kwa Dziko Latsopano chifukwa ulendo wake unayamba nyengo ya chikhalidwe cha ku Ulaya ku America. Iyi inali mphindi yofunikira m'mbiri ya Ulaya. Ngakhale Leif Erikson anali woyamba ku Ulaya kukafika ku dothi la America sizinatchulidwe bwino ndipo sizinatsogolere ku Ulaya ndi New World.

Anthu a ku Spain atazindikira kuti Columbus adapeza Dziko Latsopano, anthu ena ambiri, otchedwa conquistadors, anapita komweko. Izi zinapangitsa kuti dziko la Spain likhale lachikomyunizimu.

Columbus anamwalira pa 20 May 1506, ku Valladolid, Spain.

"Kupeza" kwa America[edit | edit source]

Columbus sanali kwenikweni munthu woyamba ku Ulaya kuti adziwe America. Pa nthawi ya ulendo wake, dziko la America silinadziwidwe kukhalapo. Komabe, Leif Erikson, pafupi zaka 1000 AD adalowa mu Canada lero. Kupeza kumeneku sikungakhudze mbiri yakale ya ku Ulaya ndipo sizinapangidwe bwino. Columbus anapeza America mwachindunji kuti iye anali munthu woyamba kulenga kufufuza mobwerezabwereza ndi kukhudzana ndi New World. Mfundo ina ndi yakuti Amwenye Achimereka akhala akukhala kumeneko zaka zikwi zambiri asanalowe. Komabe, Achimereka Achimerika sanalembedwe kapena kuwonjezera mbiri ya mbiri yakale ku Ulaya chifukwa cha zifukwa zomveka. Columbus, "anapeza" America mu mbiri yakale ya ku Ulaya.

Cholowa[edit | edit source]

Ku United States, Tsiku la Columbus ndilo tchuthi limene limakondwerera kubwera kwa Columbus ku New World pa October 12, 1492.[1]

Chiwonetsero cha World's Columbian, chomwe chinachitika mu 1893 ku Chicago, Illinois, chinakondwerera chikondwerero cha 400 cha Columbus akupita ku America.[2]

Zolemba[edit | edit source]