Circus (Bath)

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Mawonedwe apamwamba
Mawindo amasiyana ndi kukula, ndi ndondomeko mwa dongosolo lakale

Circus ndi msewu mbiri lalikulu townhouses mu mzinda wa Bath, Somerset , England , kupanga bwalo ndi zipata zitatu. Chinapangidwa ndi otchuka wamanga John Wood, Wamkulu , izo inayambika mu 1754, anamaliza mu 1768, ndipo ankamuona ngati chitsanzo chachikulu koposa a zomangamanga Chijojiya . Dzina limachokera ku Latin 'circus', kutanthauza mphete, oval kapena bwalo. Yakhala yosankhidwa ngati nyumba yowonjezeredwa.

Circus imagawidwa m'magulu atatu a kutalika kwake, ndi udzu pakati. Gawo lirilonse likuyang'ana limodzi la masitepe atatu, kutsimikizira kuti nkhope yapamwamba nthawizonse imayikidwa molunjika kutsogolo.

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Circus

Circus, yomwe poyamba inatchedwa King's Circus , inapangidwa ndi wokonza mapulani John Wood, Mkulu . Anatsimikiza kuti Bath anali malo oyambirira a ntchito ya Druid ku Britain, Wood omwe anagwidwa ndi Stonehenge , omwe ali ndi 325 feet (99 m) ku outer bank bank, ndipo adapanga Circus ndi 318 feet (97 m) kuti azitsanzira izi.

Wood anafa pasanathe miyezi itatu kuchokera pamene mwala woyamba unayikidwa; mwana wake, John Wood, Wamng'ono , adamaliza ntchitoyi popanga mapangidwe a abambo ake. Ndalama zoyamba za kumwera kwakumadzulo zinaperekedwa mu 1755-1767, gawo lakumwera chakummawa mu 1762-1766, ndi gawo la kumpoto mu 1764-1766.

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Malamulo atatu a m'Chikatolika (Greek Doric , Roman / Composite ndi Korinto ) amagwiritsidwa ntchito, pamwamba pa zina, muzithunzi zam'mbali zokongola. The frieze wa Doric entablature ali chokongoletsedwa ndi alternating triglyphs ndi 525 zithunzi zizindikiro, kuphatikizapo njoka, zizindikiro kuyendetsa sitima zapamadzi, zipangizo woimira zaluso ndi masayansi, ndi zizindikiro masonic . The kampanda ili ndi mwala Kanthanga finials .

Poyang'ana kuchokera mlengalenga, Circus, pamodzi ndi Queens Square ndi Gay Street yomwe ikugwirizana nawo, amapanga mawonekedwe ofunikira, omwe ndi chizindikiro cha masonic chofanana ndi chokongoletsera nyumba zambiri za Wood.

Chigawo chapakati chinali ndi miyala yokhala ndi miyala, yomwe inali pakhomo lomwe linapereka madzi ku nyumba. Mu 1800 anthu ozungulira Circus adalumikiza mbali yapakatikati ya malo osatsegula ngati munda. Tsopano, dera lapakatili liri udzu pamwamba ndipo liri kunyumba kwa mitengo yakale ya ndege .

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