Flood (Halo)

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Chigumula ndi zopeka parasitic mlendo moyo mawonekedwe mu Halo matumizidwe ophatikizika amawu, nyimbo ndi zithunzi chilolezo . Zimayambitsidwa mu sewero la vidiyo la 2001 la Halo: Zotsutsana Zasinthidwa , ndipo limabwereranso mndandanda wamakalata monga Halo 2 , Halo 3 , ndi Halo Wars . Chigumula chimakhudza moyo uliwonse wamtima wokwanira (koma osati kuphatikizapo Purple Aki ). Zilombo zokhudzana ndi chigumula, zomwe zimatchedwanso Chigumula, zimatengera ena magulu. Mankhwalawa amaonedwa ngati oopsya omwe Ambuyake akale ankadzipha okha ndi moyo wawo wonse mumlalang'amba poyesera kuti Chigumula chifalikire.

Zolengedwa ndi zowonongeka za Chigumula zidatsogoleredwa ndi ojambula a Bungie a Robert McLees, omwe adagwiritsa ntchito mfundo zosagwiritsidwa ntchito kuchokera ku masewera oyambirira a Bungie Marathon 2 . Mmene masewera oyambirirawo ankakhalira, Halo , yomwe inali yotchedwa ringworld, inachotsedwa ndi zolengedwa zake zambiri kuti zidabwitsenso kudabwitsa kwa Chigumula. Wojambula m'mabwinja a Bungie Vic DeLeon anakhala ndi miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yoyenera kupanga nthawi yowonetsera bwino chigumula cha mvula ndi kupanga mapangidwe ozungulira a zinyama zamtundu wa Halo   3 .

Kupeza kwa osewera kwa Chigumula ku Halo: Kusinthasintha Kusinthika ndi chiwembu chachikulu, ndipo ndi chimodzi mwa zozizwitsa zomwe amaziwona bwino pamene atulutsidwa. Chigumula chinabwerera ku Halo   2 ndi Halo   3 sadatamandidwe molimbika. Zotsatira za Chigumula zasiyana. Ngakhale kuti ena adapeza kuti Chigumula chinachokera komanso chiphunzitso cha sayansi, ena amachiika pakati pa anthu ambiri omwe amasewera masewero a kanema.

Development[edit | sintha gwero]

Chigumula chimasonyezedwa ngati thupi lachilengedwe lomwe limakhudza moyo uliwonse wokhala ndi kukula kokwanira. Fomu yaikulu kwambiri yomwe ilipo yomwe Chigumula chikhoza kudzipangitsa popanda kugwiritsa ntchito zamoyo zina ndi "mawonekedwe a matenda". Mitundu iyi imayang'ana mabungwe akukhala kapena akufa, kuyesa kuyendetsa mipeni yowopsa ndikulowa mumatope. Woperewerayo sangathe kusokonezeka pamene mawonekedwe a kachilomboka amalowa mu thupi la alendo ndipo amayamba kusintha, ndikubweretsa wokhala nawo pansi pa chigumula. Malinga ndi kukula kwa thupi, mawonekedwe a matendawa amachititsa kuti munthu wosaukayo apite ku mitundu yambiri yapadera mu kuyendetsa kayendedwe ka chakudya china. Magulu akuluakulu amatembenuzidwira kukhala mawonekedwe a nkhondo, omwe amakula miyendo yaitali ya mkwapulo, pamene kudya ndi kugwiritsidwa ntchito mosagwiritsidwa ntchito kumasandulika kukhala opangira mafomu ambiri. Chigumula chimapanganso mawonekedwe otchedwa "malingaliro ofunika" kuti athetse mgwirizano; Izi zikuphatikizirapo kusintha kwa chisinthiko, chomwe chimatchedwa " Manda ".

Maonekedwe[edit | sintha gwero]

Masewera[edit | sintha gwero]

Chigumula chimayambira koyamba kupyola pakati pa Halo: Combat Evolved , mu nkhani ya "343 Guilty Spark". Gulu la anthu lomwe likuthawa adaniwo Pangano la Pangano pa " Halo ", ringworld yokhazikika ndi mlendo Wowonongeka . Cortana ali ndi nzeru zouluka akutumizira mkulu wa abambo wamkulu kuti apeze mtsogoleri wawo, Jacob Keyes , amene adatayika mumsasa ndikufunafuna chida cha zida. Mbuye Wamkulu akupeza kuti Pangano lawamasula mwangozi Chigumula. Masewera a Keyes adasandulika kukhala asilikali kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, pamene makiyi amafunsidwa ndi Chigumula pofuna kuyesa malo a Dziko lapansi ndipo potsirizira pake amadziwika. Kuwonekera kwa Chigumula kumapangitsa nzeru ya Halo kuti asamalire 343 Cholakwa cha Spark kupempha chithandizo cha Mbuye Wamkulu poyambitsa chitetezo cha Halo ndi kuteteza Chigumula. Pamene Master Chief amvela kuti mphamvu Halo kuti m'malo kupukuta gulu la moyo wozindikira kuteteza kufala Chigumula, iye ndi Cortana detonate munthu chombo Lawi la injini Yophukira ' kuononga mphete ndi kuteteza Chigumula kuthaŵa.

Chigumula chimabwerera ku Halo 2 (2004), kuonekera pa mphete ina ya Halo yotchedwa " Delta Halo ". Chigumula cha Delta Halo chimatsogoleredwa ndi Manda, chidziwitso chachikulu cha Chigumula chomwe chimakhala mu matumbo a mphete. Mkulu wamkuru amasonkhanitsa pamodzi Mbuye Wopambana ndi Pangano Wopatulika woyera wotchedwa Arbiter ndipo amawagwira ntchito poletsa utsogoleri wa Pangano kuchotsa mphetezo. Pakalipano, Gravemind akuwombera sitimayo yaumunthu Mu Amber Clad ndikumangokhalira kumalo osungirako chipangano cha High Charity . Pomwepo, Chigumula chimadutsa kudutsa mumzindawu, ndipo Gravemind adatenga Cortana. Pamene Chigumula chifalikira, Pangano limapanga chitetezo pofuna kuteteza tizilombo kuti tisachoke kundende.

Chigumula chimabweranso mumsasa wa Halo 3 wa "Floodgate", wokwera ngalawa yowonongeka yomwe imatha kuthawa ku Delta Halo. Ngakhale kuti infestation ya Padziko lapansi imaletsedwa, Master Chief ndi Arbiter amapanga mgwirizano wokhudzana ndi Chigumula kuti athetse kuyika kwa mphete zonse za Halo ku malo otsogolera omwe amadziwika kuti Likasa. Chiopsezo chitayimitsidwa, Mng'oma amatembenukira pa iwo. Mbuye Wamkulu akumenyera njira yake kupita pakati pa High Charity , akumasula Cortana ndikuwononga mzindawo, koma Gravemind amayesa kudzimanganso pa Halo yomwe ikukumangidwa pa Likasa. Podziwa kuti kuyendetsa mpheteyo kuwononga chigumula chokha chifukwa cha Likasa kunja kwa Milky Way, Chief Chief, Arbiter, ndi Cortana amapita ku chipinda cholamulira cha Halo, atseke mphete, ndi kuthawa. Manda akuwachenjeza kuti kugonjetsedwa kwake kungachedwetse Chigumula, osati kuimitsa.

Maonekedwe ena[edit | sintha gwero]

Nthano ya 2006 The Halo Graphic Novel ikufotokoza za kumasulidwa kwa Chigumula pa zochitika za Halo: Zotsutsana Zomwe zinasinthidwa m'nkhani ziwiri, Ulendo wotsiriza wa Infinite Succor ndi "Breaking Quarantine". Pamene Chigumula chimangotchulidwa kuti ndi wanzeru mu masewerawa, Halo Graphic Novel imasonyeza kuti Chigumula chimakhala ndi malingaliro a mng'oma , zomwe zimapangitsa kuti azidziwa bwino masewera awo. Lee Hammock , mlembi wa The Last Voyage wa Infinite Succor , anafotokoza maziko a nkhaniyi kuti ndi njira yosonyezera ngozi yeniyeni ya Chigumula ngati ngozi yochenjera, osati chinthu chomwe osewera akukumana nacho. Hammock adanenanso kuti nkhaniyi idzatsimikiziranso kuti Chigumula ndi chidziwitso, ndipo "ndikukhulupirira kuti ndizowona Zombi". Chiopsezo cha Chigumula chikufotokozedwanso m'nkhani yochepa kuchokera ku Halo Evolutions anthology, "The Mona Lisa," yomwe pambuyo pake inasinthidwa kukhala zojambula zosangalatsa .

Chigumula chimaphatikizapo kwambiri mu Greg Bear 's trilogy ya ma buku, The Forerunner Saga , yomwe imachitika zaka masauzande zisanachitike zochitika za masewera akuluakulu. Buku la Halo: Silentium limasonyeza kuti Chigumula ndi chimene chimatsalira cha Precursors, mtundu wakale womwe unanenedwa kuti ufulumizitse kusintha kwa mitundu ndi kupanga malalang'amba. Okonzeratu anagonjetsa Otsogolera; atatsala pang'ono kutayika, ena a Precursors adadzichepetsera okha ku ufa wophika womwe ungasinthirenso m'mbuyo mwawo. Nthawi inapangidwa ndi ufa wosalakwa, ndipo inakhala mutagenic, ikuchita ndi zamoyo zina kuti zibweretse zomwe potsiriza zidzasintha mu Chigumula. Chigumula chikanatha kuopseza anthu akale ndiyeno Forerunners, omwe pomalizira pake amangapo ndi kulumikiza Halo Array kuti asiye tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kufalikira.

Kufufuza[edit | sintha gwero]

Frog iyi yotetezedwa ndi Ribeiroia imasonyeza kusintha kwa miyendo yofanana ndi mafomu omenyana ndi chigumula.

Dzina la Chigumula ndi limodzi mwa mayina ambiri otengedwa kuchokera ku nkhani zachipembedzo ku Halo franchise. Chigumula ndi makamaka Manda ndizochita ziwanda kapena satana, ndipo chiyambi cha Mbuye wa Ambuye ku matumbo a Halo kuti akumane ndi Chigumula chikhoza kufaniziridwa ndi ulendo wopita ku gehena. PC Academy Paulissen akunena kuti dzina lakuti 'Chigumula' limatanthawuza za kutchulidwa kwa chigumula cha Bibliya , ndi Likasa lotsogolera pokhala pogona kuchokera ku chiwonongeko choononga ndi chiyeretso chofanana ndi Baibulo.

Miyoyo ya moyo ndi chilengedwe cha chigumula ndi ofanana ndi makhalidwe a zamoyo zenizeni. Chigumula chinayambitsa kusintha kwa thupi kukumbukira kusintha kwa mapiko a makamu omwe ali ndi kachilombo ka Leucochloridium paradoxum , kapena ziwalo zopweteka za Ribeiroia -amphibians omwe sali odziwa. Chizoloŵezi cha Chigumula chosinthira chigawo chake chikufanana ndi a parasitoid wasp Hymenoepimecis argyraphaga ' ntchito zamagulu a kangaude kuti atetezedwe.