Hula hoop

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Mtsikana twirling chipewa cha Hula, 1958
Video of a woman hula hooping in Times Square, New York.
Mnyamata wina akuwomba khosi lake ku Lusaka

A hula hoop ndi chidole hoop kuti twirled padziko m'chiuno, miyendo kapena khosi. Hla hoop yamakono inakhazikitsidwa mu 1958 ndi Arthur K. "Spud" Melin ndi Richard Knerr , koma ana ndi akulu kuzungulira dziko lapansi adasewera ndi ziboda m'mbiri yonse. Hula amawunikira ana ambiri amayeza pafupifupi masentimita 70 (28   mu) m'mimba mwake, pamene anthu akuluakulu amayesa pafupifupi mamita 1 (40   mu). Zipangizo zamakono za makoswe zikuphatikizapo msondodzi , rattan (mpesa wolimba komanso wamphamvu), mpesa ndi udzu wolimba. Masiku ano, kaŵirikaŵiri amapangidwa ndi matope a pulasitiki .

Chiyambi[edit | sintha gwero]

Native American Hoop Dance ndi mawonekedwe ovina ovina omwe akuphatikizapo makoswe ngati mapulogalamu. Mapulogalamuwa amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zonse zooneka bwino komanso zolimba, zomwe zimaimira nyama zosiyanasiyana, zizindikiro, ndi zolemba. Kuvina kumachitika kawirikawiri wokhala ndi masewera ambiri.

Asanadziŵike ndi kudziwika ngati chidole chodziwika bwino cha pulasitiki (nthaŵi zina chimadzazidwa ndi madzi kapena mchenga), "hula hoop" yachikhalidwe inali yopangidwa ndi msondodzi wouma, rattan, mphesa, kapena udzu wolimba. Ngakhale kuti akhalapo kwa zaka masauzande ambiri, nthawi zambiri amakhulupirira kuti iwo anapangidwa m'ma 1950.

Mlembi wina dzina lake Charles Panati analemba za "chilakolako" chogwiritsa ntchito matabwa a matabwa ndi zitsulo m'zaka za m'ma 1400 ku England. Iye akunena kuti madokotala amachiza odwala omwe amamva ululu, amachoka mmbuyo, ngakhalenso kusokonezeka kwa mtima chifukwa cha hooping. Panati imanenanso kuti dzina lakuti " hula " linachokera kuvina la Hawaii m'zaka za zana la 18, chifukwa cha maulendo omwewo.

Mbiri yamakono[edit | sintha gwero]

Chombo cha hula chinatchuka padziko lonse kumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 1950, pamene buku la pulasitiki linagulitsidwa bwino ndi kampani ya toyunivesite ya California ya Wham-O . Mu 1957, Richard Knerr ndi Arthur "Spud" Melin , akuyamba ndi lingaliro la nsomba za ku Australia zomwe zinapangidwa ndi "bamboo", zopangidwa ndi maola 1.06 (42   mu) makoswe okhala ndi pulasitiki ya Marlex . Pogulitsa ntchito, malonda ndi malonda ogulitsa katundu, dziko lonse la July 1958 linapangidwa: mapepala apulasitiki okwana mamiliyoni makumi awiri ndi asanu adagulitsidwa miyezi yosachepera inayi, ndipo malonda anafika ku maunite oposa 100 miliyoni m'zaka ziwiri. Carlon Products Corporation inali imodzi mwa oyamba kupanga hula hoop; Pakati pa zaka za m'ma 1950, Carlon anali kupanga makoswe oposa 50,000 pa tsiku. Phirili linalowetsedwa ku National Toy Hall of Fame ku Strong ku Rochester, New York , mu 1999.

Nkhokwe ya hula inasokoneza dziko lonse, ikufanso m'zaka za m'ma 1980, koma osati ku China ndi ku Russia, kumene kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa hula kumapangitsa kuti anthu azichita masewera olimbitsa thupi.

Kusuntha kwamakono[edit | sintha gwero]

Wochita ndi hula hoop moto

Posachedwa,   pakhala kuyambiranso kwa hula hooping, komwe kumatchulidwa kuti "hoopdance" kapena " hooping " kuti imasiyanitse ndi mawonekedwe a ana. The jam band The String Cheese Incident imatchulidwa kuti ikuthandizira kukonzanso kachidwi. Mamembala a gulu adayamba kuponyera makompyuta akuluakulu pakati pa zaka za m'ma 1990, akulimbikitsa ojambula awo kuti aziwombera ndi kuvina, kufalitsa mawu ndi zosangalatsa. Kuyambira mu 2003 ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa Hooping.org kuti magulu ang'onoang'ono a hoopers anayamba kupeza mzake pa intaneti ndi malo enieni ndipo kayendedwe kanayamba kukula. Bay Area Hoopers adayamba ku San Francisco panthawiyo nthawi zonse ankakhala ndi "nyimbo zowonongeka" ndi nyimbo zomwe zimangoyambika ndi gulu lokhalira lija linayamba kufotokozedwa m'midzi yonse padziko lapansi. Mu 2006 Hoopin 'Annie anali ndi lingaliro lokhazikitsa holide yotsegulira ndipo tsiku loyamba la Padziko Lonse linachitikira mu 2007. Hla hooping yamakono ikuwoneka pa zikondwerero ndi zochitika zambiri ku USA, UK, Australia ndi Europe.

Ma hoopers ambiri amadzipangira okha mapepala a PVC , kapena polypropylene tubing (yotchedwa polypro). Mitsempha ya polyethylene , makamaka mapiritsi a polyvinyl chloride , ndi aakulu kwambiri ndipo ndi olemera kuposa makoswe a m'ma 1950. Kukula kwake ndi kulemera kwa chiwindi kumakhudza kalembedwe kake. Zingwe zolemera kwambiri, zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mobwerezabwereza kuti azisewera ndi osewera, pamene kuwala, kutentha kwapadera kumagwiritsidwa ntchito mofulumira. Mitsempha iyi ingapangidwe mu nsalu kapena mapepala apulasitiki kuti apange chithunzi chowoneka bwino ndi kusiyanitsa pakati pa chingwe ndi danse. Gaffer Tape imagwiritsidwanso ntchito kulumikiza mkati mwa hula hoop kuti yowonjezera kapena pogwiritsira ntchito hula hoop yopanda kanthu ikhoza kupukutidwa pogwiritsa ntchito nsapato. Ena amagwiritsa ntchito tepi, yojambulidwa, kapena tepi yowala, ndipo ena amapangidwa ndi matope omveka bwino ndipo samadzazidwa ndi zipangizo (nthawi zambiri zidole za ana zili ndi zida zambiri). Zipangizo zamakono za LED zakhala zikudziwitsidwa zaka zingapo zapitazi, kulola makoswe kuti awoneke pawombera kapena kutayika. Zokonzedweratu 'Smart Hoops' zilipo zomwe zimapereka zotsatira zosiyanasiyana zapadera ndipo zina zingathe kupangidwira mwa kugwiritsa ntchito pafoni.

Kusuntha kwamakono kwachititsa zidule zambiri. Kudumphira tsopano kumaphatikizapo ambiri 'pamatupi' omwe amayenda ndipo ambiri 'amachotsedwa thupi'. Zitsanzo zochepa zimaphatikizapo kupuma, kudzipatula, kumangiriza mwendo, ndi kuikiranso kawiri.

Kuwombera kwatha tsopano kumakhala ntchito yotchuka yolimbitsa thupi, ndi makalasi mu mizinda yambiri kuzungulira dziko lapansi. Zimakhala zovuta kwa oyamba kumene kuyamba ndi zinthu zambiri zopezeka pa intaneti.

Kuwonjezeka kwaposachedwa kumene kumapangidwanso kumakhala kutentha kwa moto, kumene maulasi amaikidwa kunja kwa chingwe ndipo amadzaza ndi kevlar wicks, omwe amathiridwa mafuta ndi kuwotcha moto .

Makampani ena amapanga makoswe a hula osokonezeka kuti azitha kuyenda mosavuta komanso osagwirizana.