Isitala

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Chithunzi cha Kuuka kwa Akufa chosonyeza Khristu atawononga zipata za Hade ndikuchotsa Adamu ndi Hava m'manda. Khristu wazunguliridwa ndi oyera mtima, ndipo Satana, yemwe amasonyezedwa ngati nkhalamba, amamangidwa ndi kumangidwa unyolo.

Isitala[1][2][3][4] ndi chikondwerero chachikhristu komanso tchuthi cha chikhalidwe chokumbukira kuuka kwa Yesu kwa akufa, zomwe zikufotokozedwa m'Chipangano Chatsopano kuti zidachitika pa tsiku lachitatu la kuikidwa kwake m'manda atapachikidwa ndi Aroma pa Kalvare c. 30 AD.[5][6] Ndichimaliziro cha Masautso a Yesu, otsatiridwa ndi Lenti, nyengo ya masiku 40 ya kusala kudya, kupemphera, ndi kulapa.

Akhristu amatchula sabata isanafike Isitala ngati Sabata Loyera, lomwe mu Chikhristu chakumadzulo lili ndi masiku a Isitala Triduum kuphatikiza Lachinayi Lachiwiri, kukumbukira Maundy ndi Mgonero Womaliza, komanso Lachisanu Lachisanu, kukumbukira kupachikidwa ndi imfa ya Yesu. M’Chikristu Chakum’maŵa, masiku ndi zochitika zimodzimodzizo zimakumbukiridwa ndi maina a masiku onse kuyambira ndi “Woyera” kapena “Woyera ndi Wamkuru”; ndipo Isitala yokha ikhoza kutchedwa "Pascha Yaikulu ndi Yopatulika", "Lamlungu la Isitala", "Pascha" kapena "Lamlungu la Pascha". Mu Chikristu Chakumadzulo, Pasakatide, kapena Nyengo ya Isitala, imayamba Lamlungu la Isitala ndipo imatha masabata asanu ndi awiri, kutha ndi kubwera kwa tsiku la 50, Lamlungu la Pentekoste. Mu Chikhristu cha Kum'maŵa, nyengo ya Paskha imatha ndi Pentekosti, koma kunyamuka kwa Phwando Lalikulu la Pascha kuli pa tsiku la 39, tsiku lomwe lisanachitike Phwando la Kukwera Kumwamba.

Isitala ndi maholide ogwirizana nawo ndi maphwando osunthika, osagwera pa tsiku loikidwiratu; deti lake limawerengedwa potengera kalendala ya lunisolar (chaka choyendera dzuwa kuphatikiza gawo la Mwezi) yofanana ndi kalendala yachihebri. Msonkhano Woyamba wa ku Nicaea (325) unakhazikitsa malamulo awiri okha, omwe ndi odziimira pawokha kuchokera ku kalendala ya Chihebri ndi kufanana kwapadziko lonse. Palibe zambiri zakuwerengera zomwe zidafotokozedwa; izi zinagwiritsiridwa ntchito, njira yomwe inatenga zaka mazana ambiri ndikuyambitsa mikangano yambiri. Lakhala Lamlungu loyamba pambuyo pa mwezi wathunthu wa tchalitchi womwe umachitika kapena posachedwa kwambiri pa 21 Marichi. Ngakhale ataŵerengeredwa pamaziko a kalendala yolondola kwambiri ya Gregory, deti la mwezi wathunthu nthaŵi zina limasiyana ndi la mwezi woyamba wathunthu wa zakuthambo pambuyo pa equinox ya March.

Isitala imalumikizidwa ndi Paskha wachiyuda ndi dzina lake (Chihebri: פֶּסַח pesach, Chiaramu: פָּסחָא pascha ndiye maziko a mawu akuti Pascha), ndi chiyambi chake (malinga ndi Mauthenga Abwino, kupachikidwa ndi kuukitsidwa kunachitika pa Paskha). ), komanso mophiphiritsira zambiri, komanso malo ake akalendala. M’zinenero zambiri za ku Ulaya phwandolo limatchedwa ndi mawu akuti pasika m’zinenero zimenezo; ndipo m’matembenuzidwe akale Achingelezi a Baibulo lachingelezi liwu lakuti Isitala linali liwu logwiritsiridwa ntchito kumasulira Pasika.

Miyambo ya Isitala imasiyana m'mayiko onse achikhristu, ndipo imaphatikizapo misonkhano yadzuwa, miliri yapakati pausiku, kufuula ndi kusinthana kwa moni wa Paschal, kudula tchalitchi (England), zokongoletsera ndi kusweka kwa mazira a Isitala (chizindikiro cha manda opanda kanthu). Kakombo wa Isitala, chizindikiro cha chiwukitsiro cha Chikristu Chakumadzulo, mwamwambo amakongoletsa madera a mipingo masiku ano komanso nthawi yonse ya Isitala. Miyambo inanso imene yayamba kugwirizana ndi Isitala ndipo imasungidwa ndi Akhristu komanso anthu ena omwe si Akhristu ndi monga zionetsero za Isitala, kuvina kwapagulu (Eastern Europe), Kalulu wa Isitala ndi kusaka mazira.[7][8][9][10][11] Palinso zakudya za Isitala zomwe zimasiyanasiyana malinga ndi dera komanso chikhalidwe.

Zolemba[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

  1. Ferguson, Everett (2009). Baptism in the Early Church: History, Theology, and Liturgy in the First Five Centuries. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 351. ISBN 978-0802827487. Retrieved 23 April 2014. The practices are usually interpreted in terms of baptism at the pasch (Easter), for which compare Tertullian, but the text does not specify this season, only that it was done on Sunday, and the instructions may apply to whenever the baptism was to be performed.
  2. Norman Davies (1998). Europe: A History. HarperCollins. p. 201. ISBN 978-0060974688. In most European languages Easter is called by some variant of the late Latin word Pascha, which in turn derives from the Hebrew pesach, meaning passover.
  3. Gamman, Andrew; Bindon, Caroline (2014). Stations for Lent and Easter. Kereru Publishing Limited. p. 7. ISBN 978-0473276812. Easter Day, also known as Resurrection Sunday, marks the high point of the Christian year. It is the day that we celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.
  4. Boda, Mark J.; Smith, Gordon T. (2006). Repentance in Christian Theology. Liturgical Press. p. 316. ISBN 978-0814651759. Retrieved 19 April 2014. Orthodox, Catholic, and all Reformed churches in the Middle East celebrate Easter according to the Eastern calendar, calling this holy day "Resurrection Sunday," not Easter.
  5. Bernard Trawicky; Ruth Wilhelme Gregory (2000). Anniversaries and Holidays. American Library Association. ISBN 978-0838906958. Easter is the central celebration of the Christian liturgical year. It is the oldest and most important Christian feast, celebrating the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. The date of Easter determines the dates of all movable feasts except those of Advent.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. Aveni, Anthony (2004). "The Easter/Passover Season: Connecting Time's Broken Circle", The Book of the Year: A Brief History of Our Seasonal Holidays. Oxford University Press. pp. 64–78. ISBN 0-19-517154-3.
  7. Duchak, Alicia (2002). An A–Z of Modern America. Rutledge. p. 372. ISBN 978-0415187558.
  8. Sifferlin, Alexandra (21 February 2020) [2015]. "What's the Origin of the Easter Bunny?". Time. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  9. Vicki K. Black (2004). The Church Standard, Volume 74. Church Publishing, Inc. ISBN 978-0819225757. Retrieved 7 April 2012. In parts of Europe, the eggs were dyed red and were then cracked together when people exchanged Easter greetings. Many congregations today continue to have Easter egg hunts for the children after the services on Easter Day.
  10. The Church Standard, Volume 74. Walter N. Hering. 1897. Retrieved 7 April 2012. When the custom was carried over into Christian practice the Easter eggs were usually sent to the priests to be blessed and sprinkled with holy water. In later times the coloring and decorating of eggs was introduced, and in a royal roll of the time of Edward I., which is preserved in the Tower of London, there is an entry of 18d. for 400 eggs, to be used for Easter gifts.
  11. Brown, Eleanor Cooper (2010). From Preparation to Passion. ISBN 978-1609577650. Retrieved 7 April 2012. So what preparations do most Christians and non-Christians make? Shopping for new clothing often signifies the belief that Spring has arrived, and it is a time of renewal. Preparations for the Easter Egg Hunts and the Easter Ham for the Sunday dinner are high on the list too.