Joe Biden

From Wikipedia
Joe Biden mu 2021

Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (wobadwa Novembala 20, 1942) ndi wandale waku America yemwe ndi wa 46 komanso Purezidenti wapano waku United States. Membala wa Democratic Party, adakhalapo ngati wachiwiri kwa 47th kuyambira 2009 mpaka 2017 motsogozedwa ndi Purezidenti Barack Obama ndikuyimira Delaware ku Senate ya United States kuyambira 1973 mpaka 2009.

Biden adabadwira ndikukulira ku Scranton, Pennsylvania, ndipo adasamuka ndi banja lake kupita ku Delaware mu 1953 ali ndi zaka khumi. Anaphunzira ku yunivesite ya Delaware asanalandire digiri ya zamalamulo kuchokera ku yunivesite ya Syracuse. Adasankhidwa kukhala mu New Castle County Council mu 1970 ndipo adakhala senema wachisanu ndi chimodzi wochepera m'mbiri ya US atasankhidwa kukhala Senate ya United States kuchokera ku Delaware mu 1972, ali ndi zaka 29. Biden anali wapampando kapena membala wa Senate Foreign Komiti ya Ubale kwa zaka 12. Anatsogoleranso Komiti Yoweruza ya Senate kuyambira 1987 mpaka 1995; adatsogolera zoyesayesa zokhazikitsa lamulo la Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act ndi Violence Against Women Act; ndipo adayang'anira milandu isanu ndi umodzi ya Khothi Lalikulu la United States, kuphatikizapo milandu yotsutsana ya Robert Bork ndi Clarence Thomas.

A Biden adapikisana nawo mosapambana pa chisankho chapulezidenti wa Democratic mu 1988 ndi 2008. Anali senator wamkulu wachinayi pomwe adakhala wachiwiri kwa Purezidenti wa Obama atapambana zisankho zapurezidenti mu 2008. Obama ndi Biden adasankhidwanso mu 2012. M'magawo ake awiri ngati wachiwiri kwa purezidenti, a Biden adatsamira zomwe adakumana nazo ku Senate ndipo nthawi zambiri amayimira akuluakulu aboma pazokambirana ndi ma Republican a Congress. Anayang'aniranso ndalama zogwiritsira ntchito zomangamanga mu 2009 kuti athane ndi Kuwonongeka Kwakukulu. Pazandale, a Biden anali mlangizi wapamtima wa Purezidenti Obama ndipo adatsogolera pakukonza zochotsa asitikali aku US ku Iraq mu 2011.

Biden ndi mnzake, Kamala Harris, adagonjetsa Donald Trump pachisankho cha 2020. Atakhazikitsidwa, adakhala purezidenti wakale kwambiri m'mbiri ya U.S. komanso woyamba kukhala ndi wachiwiri kwa purezidenti wamkazi. Biden adasaina lamulo la American Rescue Plan Act kuthandiza US kuchira ku mliri wa COVID-19 komanso kugwa kwachuma. Anapereka lingaliro la American Jobs Plan, zomwe zinaphatikizidwa mu bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act. Anapereka lingaliro la American Families Plan, lomwe lidaphatikizidwa ndi zina za American Jobs Plan mu Build Back Better Act. Pambuyo potsutsidwa ndi Nyumba Yamalamulo, kukula kwa Build Back Better Act kudachepetsedwa ndipo idasinthidwanso mwatsatanetsatane mu Inflation Reduction Act ya 2022, yokhudzana ndi kuchepetsa kuchepa, kusintha kwanyengo, chisamaliro chaumoyo, komanso kusintha kwamisonkho. Biden adasankha Ketanji Brown Jackson kukhala Khothi Lalikulu. Mu mfundo zakunja, adabwezeretsanso US ku Pangano la Paris pakusintha kwanyengo. Anamaliza kuchotsa asitikali aku US ku Afghanistan, pomwe boma la Afghanistan lidagwa ndipo a Taliban adalanda ulamuliro. Adayankha pakuwukira kwa Russia ku Ukraine mu 2022 poika zilango ku Russia ndikuloleza thandizo lakunja ndi zida zotumizira ku Ukraine.

Moyo woyamba (1942-1965)

Joe Biden nkhope yayamba mu ndale

Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. anabadwa pa November 20, 1942, ku St. Mary's Hospital ku Scranton, Pennsylvania, kwa Catherine Eugenia "Jean" Biden (née Finnegan) ndi Joseph Robinette Biden Sr. 4] Mwana wamkulu m'banja lachikatolika, ali ndi mlongo wake, Valerie, ndi azichimwene ake awiri, Francis ndi James. Jean anali wochokera ku Ireland, pomwe a Joseph Sr. anali ndi makolo achingerezi, achi Irish, ndi achi French Huguenot. Mzere wa abambo a Biden adachokera kwa womanga miyala William Biden, yemwe adabadwa mu 1789 ku Westborne, England, ndipo adasamukira ku Maryland ku United States pofika 1820.

Abambo ake a Biden anali olemera ndipo banjali lidagula nyumba mdera la anthu olemera la Long Island ku Garden City kumapeto kwa 1946, koma adakumana ndi zovuta zamabizinesi pomwe Biden anali ndi zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri, ndipo kwa zaka zingapo banjali limakhala ndi agogo a amayi a Biden ku Scranton. Scranton idalowa m'mavuto azachuma m'ma 1950s ndipo abambo a Biden sanapeze ntchito yokhazikika. Kuyambira mu 1953 pamene Biden anali ndi zaka khumi, banjalo linkakhala m'nyumba ku Claymont, Delaware, asanasamuke ku nyumba ku Mayfield. Pambuyo pake a Biden Sr. adakhala wogulitsa bwino magalimoto ogwiritsidwa ntchito, ndikusunga banja m'moyo wapakati.

Ku Archmere Academy ku Claymont, Biden adasewera baseball ndipo anali wodziwika bwino kwambiri komanso wolandila kwambiri pagulu la mpira wamiyendo ya sekondale. Ngakhale anali wophunzira wosauka, anali pulezidenti wa kalasi muzaka zake zazing'ono ndi zazikulu. Anamaliza maphunziro ake mu 1961. Ku Yunivesite ya Delaware ku Newark, Biden adasewera mpira watsopano, ndipo, monga wophunzira wodabwitsa, adapeza digiri ya Bachelor of Arts ku 1965 yokhala ndi mbiri yayikulu.

Biden ali ndi chibwibwi, chomwe chakhala bwino kuyambira ali ndi zaka makumi awiri. Akuti adazichepetsa pobwereza ndakatulo pagalasi, koma owonera ena adanenanso kuti zidakhudza momwe amagwirira ntchito pamakangano apulezidenti wa 2020 Democratic Party.

Maukwati, sukulu yamalamulo, ndi ntchito yoyambirira (1966-1973)

Joe Bidenndi mkazi wake, Dr. Jill Biden

Nkhani yayikulu: Ntchito yoyambirira ya Joe Biden

Onaninso: Banja la Joe Biden

Pa Ogasiti 27, 1966, a Biden adakwatirana ndi Neilia Hunter (1942-1972), wophunzira ku Syracuse University, atagonjetsa kukana kwa makolo ake kuti akwatire Mroma Katolika. Ukwati wawo unachitikira m’tchalitchi cha Katolika ku Skaneateles, New York. Anali ndi ana atatu: Joseph R. "Beau" Biden III (1969-2015), Robert Hunter Biden (wobadwa 1970), ndi Naomi Christina "Amy" Biden (1971-1972).

Mu 1968, Biden adapeza Dotolo wa Juris ku Syracuse University College of Law, yemwe adakhala pa nambala 76 m'kalasi yake ya 85, atalephera maphunziro chifukwa cha "kulakwitsa" komwe adavomereza pomwe adalemba nkhani yowunikira malamulo papepala lomwe adalemba mchaka chake choyamba. kusukulu ya zamalamulo. Adavomerezedwa ku bar ya Delaware mu 1969.

Biden sanachirikize kapena kutsutsa poyera nkhondo ya Vietnam mpaka adathamangira ku Senate ndikutsutsa zomwe Nixon amachita pankhondoyo. Pomwe amaphunzira ku Yunivesite ya Delaware ndi Syracuse University, Biden adapeza ophunzira asanu omwe adalembetsa, panthawi yomwe osankhidwa ambiri adatumizidwa kunkhondo ya Vietnam. Mu 1968, potengera kuyezetsa kwa thupi, adapatsidwa kuchotsedwa kwamankhwala kovomerezeka; mu 2008, wolankhulira a Biden adati kukhala ndi "mpumu ali wachinyamata" ndizomwe zidamulepheretsa.

Mu 1968, Biden adagwira ntchito ku kampani yazamalamulo ya Wilmington motsogozedwa ndi William Prickett wodziwika bwino waku Republican ndipo, pambuyo pake adati, "ndimadziona ngati waku Republican". Sanakonde wolamulira wa Democratic Delaware yemwe anali bwanamkubwa Charles L. Terry ndi ndale zotsatizana ndi tsankho ndipo anathandizira wa Republican womasuka kwambiri, Russell W. Peterson, yemwe anagonjetsa Terry mu 1968. A Biden adalembetsedwa ndi aku Republican akomweko koma adalembetsedwa ngati Wodziyimira pawokha chifukwa chosadana ndi woyimira pulezidenti waku Republican Richard Nixon.

Mu 1969, a Biden adachita zamalamulo, poyamba ngati woteteza anthu ndipo kenako pakampani yotsogozedwa ndi wa Democrat wokhazikika komweko yemwe adamutcha ku Democratic Forum, gulu lomwe likuyesera kusintha ndikutsitsimutsa chipani cha boma; Pambuyo pake a Biden adalembetsanso kukhala Democrat. Iye ndi loya wina anapanganso kampani ya zamalamulo. Komabe, malamulo akampani sanamusangalatse, ndipo malamulo ophwanya malamulo sanapereke bwino.Anawonjezera ndalama zake poyang'anira katundu.

Mu 1970, a Biden adathamangira mpando wachigawo cha 4 pa New Castle County Council pabwalo laufulu lomwe limaphatikizapo kuthandizira nyumba za anthu m'matawuni. Mpandowo udachitikira ndi Republican Henry R. Folsom, yemwe anali kuthamanga mu 5th District kutsatira kugawidwanso kwa zigawo za khonsolo.Biden adapambana zisankho zazikulu pogonjetsa Lawrence T. Messick waku Republican, ndipo adatenga udindo pa Januware 5, 1971. Adagwira ntchito mpaka Januware 1, 1973, ndipo adalowa m'malo ndi Democrat Francis R. Swift. Munthawi yake pa khonsolo ya boma, a Biden adatsutsa ntchito zazikulu zamisewu yayikulu, zomwe adati zitha kusokoneza madera a Wilmington.

Nkhani yayikulu: Chisankho cha Senate ya 1972 ku United States ku Delaware

Mu 1972, a Biden adagonjetsa mtsogoleri waku Republican a J. Caleb Boggs kuti akhale senate wamkulu waku US kuchokera ku Delaware. Iye anali Democrat yekhayo amene anali wokonzeka kutsutsa a Boggs, ndipo ndi ndalama zochepa za kampeni, sanapatsidwe mwayi wopambana. Achibale anakwanitsa ndi ogwira ntchito ndawala, amene anadalira kukumana ovota maso ndi maso ndi manja kugawira udindo mapepala, njira anapangidwa zotheka ndi Delaware aang'ono kukula. Analandira thandizo kuchokera ku AFL-CIO komanso wofufuza za Democratic Patrick Caddell. Pulatifomu yake imayang'ana kwambiri za chilengedwe, kuchoka ku Vietnam, ufulu wachibadwidwe, mayendedwe ambiri, misonkho yofanana, chisamaliro chaumoyo, komanso kusakhutira ndi "ndale monga mwanthawi zonse". Miyezi ingapo chisankho chisanachitike, a Biden adatsata a Boggs ndi pafupifupi maperesenti makumi atatu, koma mphamvu zake, banja laling'ono lowoneka bwino, komanso kuthekera kolumikizana ndi malingaliro a ovota zidamupindulitsa ndipo adapambana ndi 50.5 peresenti ya ovota. voti. Pa nthawi ya chisankho chake, anali ndi zaka 29, koma anafika zaka 30 zomwe malamulo amafunikira asanalumbiridwe kukhala Senator.

Imfa ya mkazi ndi mwana wamkazi

Pa Disembala 18, 1972, patatha milungu ingapo Biden atasankhidwa kukhala senator, mkazi wake Neilia ndi mwana wamkazi wazaka chimodzi Naomi adaphedwa pa ngozi yagalimoto pomwe amagula Khrisimasi ku Hockessin, Delaware. Sitima yapamtunda ya Neilia idagundidwa ndi lole ya semi-trailer pomwe amatuluka pamzerewu.

Ukwati wachiwiri

Biden adakumana ndi mphunzitsi Jill Tracy Jacobs mu 1975 pa tsiku lakhungu. Anakwatirana ku Chapel ya United Nations ku New York pa June 17, 1977. Iwo adakhala paukwati wawo ku Lake Balaton ku Hungarian People's Republic. Biden amamuyamikira chifukwa choyambiranso kukonda ndale komanso moyo. Iwo ndi Akatolika ndipo amapita ku Misa ku St. Joseph's pa Brandywine ku Greenville, Delaware. Mwana wawo wamkazi Ashley Biden (wobadwa 1981) ndi wothandiza anthu. Iye anakwatiwa ndi dokotala Howard Krein. Beau Biden adakhala Woweruza Wankhondo ku Iraq ndipo pambuyo pake Delaware Attorney General asanamwalire ndi khansa ya muubongo mu 2015. Hunter Biden ndi wothandizira ku Washington komanso mlangizi wazachuma.

Kuphunzitsa

Kuyambira 1991 mpaka 2008, monga pulofesa wothandizira, a Biden adaphunzitsanso semina yokhudzana ndi malamulo oyendetsera dziko lino ku Widener University School of Law. Nthawi zambiri seminayi inali ndi mndandanda wodikira. Nthawi zina a Biden ankawuluka kuchokera kutsidya lina kukaphunzitsa kalasi.

Senate ya US (1973-2009)

Nkhani yayikulu: Ntchito ya Senate yaku US ya Joe Biden

Mu Januwale 1973, mlembi wa Senate Francis R. Valeo analumbirira Biden ku Delaware Division ya Wilmington Medical Center. Analipo ana ake aamuna a Beau (omwe mwendo wake udalipobe chifukwa cha ngozi yagalimoto) ndi Hunter ndi achibale ena. Ali ndi zaka 30, anali senator wachisanu ndi chimodzi wochepera kwambiri m'mbiri ya U.S..

Kuwona ana ake aamuna, Biden adayenda pa sitima yapamtunda pakati pa nyumba yake ya Delaware ndi D.C.

M'zaka zake zoyambirira ku Nyumba ya Senate, Biden adangoyang'ana kwambiri zachitetezo cha ogula komanso zovuta zachilengedwe ndipo adapempha kuti boma liziyankha mokulirapo. Mu kuyankhulana kwa 1974, adadzifotokozera kuti anali womasuka pa ufulu wachibadwidwe ndi ufulu, nkhawa za anthu akuluakulu ndi chisamaliro chaumoyo koma wosamala pazinthu zina, kuphatikizapo kuchotsa mimba ndi kulowa usilikali.

M'zaka zake khumi zoyambirira ku Senate, a Biden adangoyang'ana kwambiri pakuwongolera zida. Congress italephera kuvomereza Pangano la SALT II lomwe linasainidwa mu 1979 ndi mlembi wamkulu wa Soviet Leonid Brezhnev ndi Purezidenti Jimmy Carter, a Biden adakumana ndi Nduna Yowona Zakunja ku Soviet Andrei Gromyko kuti alankhule nkhawa zaku America ndikupeza zosintha zomwe zidakhudza zomwe Komiti ya Senate Yachilendo Yachilendo idatsutsa. Pamene akuluakulu a Reagan ankafuna kutanthauzira pangano la 1972 SALT I momasuka kuti alole chitukuko cha Strategic Defense Initiative, a Biden adatsutsa kuti panganoli litsatidwe kwambiri. Analandira chidwi chachikulu pamene adakondwera ndi Mlembi wa boma George Shultz pamsonkhano wa Senate kuti athandizidwe ndi bungwe la Reagan ku South Africa ngakhale kuti akupitirizabe kutsatira ndondomeko ya tsankho.

Biden adakhala membala wocheperako wa Senate Judiciary Committee mu 1981. Omutsatira anamuyamikira chifukwa chosintha zina mwa malamulo oipa kwambiri, ndipo chinali chinthu chofunika kwambiri chimene anachita pamalamulo mpaka nthawi imeneyo. Mu 1994, a Biden adathandizira kupititsa lamulo la Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, lomwe limadziwikanso kuti Biden Crime Law, lomwe limaphatikizapo kuletsa zida zomenya, ndi Violence Against Women Act, yomwe adachita. adatcha lamulo lake lofunika kwambiri. Lamulo laupandu la 1994 silinali lodziwika pakati pa omwe akupita patsogolo ndipo adadzudzulidwa chifukwa chotsekeredwa m'ndende; mu 2019, a Biden adatcha gawo lake popereka lamuloli "kulakwitsa kwakukulu", kutchula mfundo zake pa crack cocaine ndikuti biluyo. "anatsekera m'badwo wonse".

Mu 1993, a Biden adavotera gawo lomwe likuwona kuti kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha sikukugwirizana ndi moyo wankhondo, motero amaletsa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha kugwira ntchito zankhondo. Mu 1996, adavotera lamulo la Defense of Marriage Act, lomwe limaletsa boma kuti livomereze maukwati a amuna kapena akazi okhaokha, potero amaletsa anthu omwe ali m'mabanja otere kuti asatetezedwe mofanana ndi malamulo a federal ndikulola mayiko kuchita chimodzimodzi. Mu 2015, mchitidwewu unagamulidwa kuti ndi wosemphana ndi malamulo pa mlandu wa Obergefell v. Hodges.

Kutsutsana ndi basi

M'kati mwa zaka za m'ma 1970, Biden anali m'modzi mwa otsutsa kwambiri a Senate pamabasi ophatikiza mitundu. Anthu ake a ku Delaware anatsutsa kwambiri izi, ndipo kutsutsa kotereku dziko lonse pambuyo pake kunachititsa kuti chipani chake chisiye kwambiri mfundo zophatikizira sukulu.[ Mu kampeni yake yoyamba ya Senate, a Biden adawonetsa kuthandizira mabasi kuti athetse tsankho, monga kumwera, koma adatsutsa kugwiritsa ntchito kwake kuthetsa tsankho lobwera chifukwa cha mitundu ya anthu okhala moyandikana, monga ku Delaware; anatsutsa zosintha malamulo oletsa mabasi kotheratu.

Mu Meyi 1974, a Biden adavota kuti apereke lingaliro lomwe linali ndi ziganizo zotsutsana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mabasiketi komanso zotsutsana ndi kusagwirizana koma pambuyo pake adavotera mtundu wosinthidwa womwe uli ndi ziyeneretso zomwe sizinali cholinga chofooketsa mphamvu za oweruza kuti akhazikitse 5th Amendment ndi 14th Amendment.] Mu 1975, iye anachirikiza lingaliro limene likadalepheretsa Dipatimenti ya Zaumoyo, Maphunziro, ndi Ufulu kuti asadule ndalama za federal ku zigawo zomwe zinakana kuphatikizira; nzeru” ndi kuti kutsutsa kwake kukanapangitsa kukhala kosavuta kwa aufulu ena kutsatira zomwezo. Panthawi imodzimodziyo anathandizira zoyesayesa zokhuza nyumba, mwayi wa ntchito ndi ufulu wovota. Biden adathandizira gawo lina [liti?] loletsa kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama za federal kunyamula ophunzira kupita kusukulu yomwe ili pafupi nawo. Mu 1977, adathandizira kusinthako komwe kutsekereza zopinga zomwe Purezidenti Carter adasaina kukhala lamulo mu 1978.

Maopaleshoni aubongo

Mu February 1988, pambuyo pa magawo angapo a ululu wa m'khosi, a Biden adatengedwa ndi ambulansi kupita ku Walter Reed Army Medical Center kuti akachite opareshoni kuti akonze kutha kwa mabulosi am'magazi. Pamene anali kuchira, anadwala pulmonary embolism, vuto lalikulu. Aneurysm yachiwiri itakonzedwanso mu Meyi, kuchira kwa Biden kunamupangitsa kuti asachoke ku Senate kwa miyezi isanu ndi iwiri.

Komiti ya Senate Judiciary

Biden anali membala wakale wa Senate Committee on Judiciary. Adakhala wapampando kuyambira 1987 mpaka 1995 ndipo anali membala wocheperako kuyambira 1981 mpaka 1987 komanso kuyambira 1995 mpaka 1997.

Monga wapampando, a Biden adatsogolera milandu iwiri yotsutsana kwambiri ndi Khothi Lalikulu ku US. Robert Bork atasankhidwa mu 1988, a Biden adasinthiratu kuvomera - komwe adapereka poyankhulana chaka chatha - pakusankhidwa kwa Bork. Conservatives adakwiya, koma pamilandu yomwe ili pafupi ndi Biden adayamikiridwa chifukwa chachilungamo, nthabwala, komanso kulimba mtima kwake. Pokana zotsutsana za otsutsa ena a Bork, Biden adayika zotsutsa zake ku Bork malinga ndi mkangano womwe ulipo pakati pa zomwe Bork anali nazo komanso lingaliro lakuti Constitution ya US imapereka ufulu waufulu ndi zinsinsi kuposa zomwe zalembedwa m'mawu ake. Kusankhidwa kwa Bork kunakanidwa mu komiti ndi mavoti 9-5 ndiyeno mu Senate yonse, 58-42.

Pamisonkhano yosankhidwa ndi a Clarence Thomas mu 1991, mafunso a Biden pankhani zamalamulo nthawi zambiri amasokonekera mpaka Thomas nthawi zina amawasowa, ndipo Thomas pambuyo pake adalemba kuti mafunso a Biden anali ofanana ndi "mipira ya nyemba". Msonkhano wa komitiyo utatsekedwa, anthu adamva kuti Anita Hill, pulofesa wa pa yunivesite ya Oklahoma pasukulu ya zamalamulo, adadzudzula Thomas chifukwa cholankhula zosagwirizana ndi kugonana pamene adagwira ntchito limodzi. Biden adadziwa zina mwa milanduyi, koma poyambirira adangogawana ndi komitiyi chifukwa Hill panthawiyo sanafune kuchitira umboni. Mlandu wa komitiyo udatsegulidwanso ndipo Hill adachitira umboni, koma a Biden sanalole umboni wa mboni zina, monga mayi yemwe adaimbanso milandu yofananira ndi akatswiri ozunza, ponena kuti akufuna kusunga zinsinsi za a Thomas komanso ulemu wawo. Senate yathunthu idatsimikizira a Thomas ndi mavoti 52-48, pomwe a Biden adatsutsa. Oyimira zamalamulo omasuka komanso magulu azimai adamva kwambiri kuti a Biden sanayendetse bwino milanduyo ndipo sanachite mokwanira kuthandizira Hill. Pambuyo pake a Biden adafunafuna amayi kuti azigwira ntchito mu Komiti Yoweruza ndipo adagogomezera nkhani za amayi pazotsatira zamalamulo za komitiyi. Mu 2019, adauza Hill kuti adanong'oneza bondo chifukwa cha zomwe adamuchitira, koma Hill adati pambuyo pake sanakhutire.

Biden adadzudzula Phungu Wodziyimira pawokha Ken Starr panthawi ya mkangano wa Whitewater wa m'ma 1990 komanso kafukufuku wamwano a Lewinsky, ponena kuti "kudzakhala tsiku lozizira ku gehena" uphungu wina wodziyimira payekha asanapatsidwe mphamvu zofanana. Iye adavota kuti akhululukidwe pa nthawi ya kutsutsidwa.

Senate Foreign Relations Committee

Senator Biden amatsagana ndi Purezidenti Clinton ndi akuluakulu ena ku Bosnia ndi Herzegovina, Disembala 1997

Biden anali membala wakale wa Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Adakhala membala wawo ochepa mu 1997 ndipo adayitsogolera kuyambira June 2001 mpaka 2003 ndi 2007 mpaka 2009. Maudindo ake nthawi zambiri anali okonda mayiko ena. Anagwirizana bwino ndi aku Republican ndipo nthawi zina amatsutsana ndi zipani zake. Panthawiyi anakumana ndi atsogoleri osachepera 150 ochokera m'mayiko 60 ndi mabungwe apadziko lonse, kukhala mawu odziwika bwino a demokalase pa mfundo zakunja.

Biden adavotera motsutsana ndi chilolezo cha Gulf War mu 1991, akugwirizana ndi 45 mwa maseneta 55 a Democratic; iye anati dziko la U.S. linali kusenza pafupifupi zolemetsa zonse mumgwirizano wotsutsana ndi Iraq.

A Biden adachita chidwi ndi Nkhondo za Yugoslavia atamva za nkhanza zaku Serbia pa Nkhondo Yodziyimira pawokha yaku Croatia mu 1991. Nkhondo ya ku Bosnia itayambika, a Biden anali m'gulu la oyamba kuyitanitsa lamulo loti "kwezani ndikumenyeni" kuchotsa zida zankhondo, kuphunzitsa Asilamu aku Bosnia ndikuwathandizira ndi kuwukira kwa ndege ku NATO, ndikufufuza milandu yankhondo. Oyang'anira a George H. W. Bush ndi a Clinton onse sanafune kutsatira mfundoyi, kuopa kulowerera ku Balkan. Mu Epulo 1993, a Biden adakhala sabata ku Balkan ndipo adachita msonkhano wovuta wa maola atatu ndi mtsogoleri waku Serbia Slobodan Milošević. Biden adati adauza Milošević, "Ndikuganiza kuti ndiwe chigawenga chachikulu ndipo uyenera kuzengedwa mlandu."

Biden adalemba zosintha mu 1992 kuti akakamize olamulira a Bush kuti athandize Asilamu aku Bosnia, koma adayimitsa mu 1994 kuti asinthe pang'ono pomwe olamulira a Clinton adakonda, asadasaine chaka chotsatira kuti achitepo kanthu mwamphamvu mothandizidwa ndi a Bob Dole ndi a Joe Lieberman. 139] Kutenganaku kudapangitsa kuti NATO igwire bwino ntchito yosunga mtendere. A Biden adatcha gawo lake pakusintha mfundo za ku Balkans chapakati pa zaka za m'ma 1990 "nthawi yake yodzikuza kwambiri pa moyo wapagulu" yokhudzana ndi mfundo zakunja.

Monga wapampando, a Biden adathandizira kulimbikitsa akuluakulu a Clinton kuti apereke chuma ndi likulu la ndale kuti athandize zomwe zidakhala Pangano Lachisanu Labwino la 1998 pakati pa maboma a Ireland ndi United Kingdom kudzera mundondomeko yamtendere yaku Northern Ireland.

Pa Seputembara 3, 1998, woyang'anira zida za UN yemwe adasiya ntchito a Scott Ritter, malinga ndi Barton Gellman, adadzudzula bungwe la Clinton kuti laletsa kuyendera zida ku Iraq. A Biden adalumikizana ndi ena ambiri a Senate Democrats ndipo "adakulitsa kuukira kwa oyang'anira Clinton motsutsana ndi yemwe anali woyang'anira zida za UN a Scott Ritter." Adafunsa ngati a Ritter akuyesera "kuyenerera mphamvu" yosankha nthawi yoti ayambitse gulu lankhondo ku Iraq", ndipo adati Mlembi wa boma akuyeneranso kuganizira malingaliro a ogwirizana, UNSC, ndi malingaliro a anthu. , asanayambe kuchitapo kanthu ku Iraq. Mu Washington Post op-ed kumapeto kwa mwezi womwewo, a Biden adadzudzula "ndondomeko yolimbana" koma adayamika lingaliro lofunsa ngati kulowererapo kungakhale kofunikira nthawi ina, ngakhale adati "zinali pamwamba pa malipiro" a zida chimodzi. woyang'anira.

Mu 1999, pankhondo ya Kosovo, a Biden adathandizira kuphulitsa kwa bomba kwa NATO ku FR Yugoslavia mu 1999. Iye ndi Senator John McCain adathandizira nawo McCain-Biden Kosovo Resolution, yomwe idapempha Clinton kuti agwiritse ntchito mphamvu zonse zofunika, kuphatikiza asitikali apansi panthaka, kulimbana ndi Milošević pakuchitapo kanthu kwa Yugoslavia motsutsana ndi mafuko aku Albania ku Kosovo.

Nkhondo ku Afghanistan ndi Iraq

Nkhani yaikulu: Nkhondo yolimbana ndi zigawenga

Biden anali wochirikiza kwambiri Nkhondo ku Afghanistan, nati, "Chilichonse chomwe chingatenge, tiyenera kuchita."Monga mkulu wa Komiti ya Senate Foreign Relations Committee, adanena mu 2002 kuti pulezidenti wa Iraq Saddam Hussein anali woopseza dziko. chitetezo ndipo panalibe njira ina koma "kuthetsa" chiwopsezo chimenecho. Mu Okutobala 2002, adavota mokomera Chilolezo cha Kugwiritsa Ntchito Gulu Lankhondo Lolimbana ndi Iraq, kuvomereza Kuukira kwa U.S. ku Iraq. Monga wapampando wa komitiyi, adasonkhanitsa mboni zingapo kuti zipereke umboni mokomera chilolezocho. Iwo anapereka umboni wotsutsa kwambiri cholinga, mbiri yakale, ndi udindo wa Saddam ndi boma lake ladziko, lomwe linali mdani wodziwika wa al-Qaeda, ndikuwonetsa kuti Iraq inali ndi Weapon yopeka.


Pofika kumapeto kwa 2006, malingaliro a Biden adasintha kwambiri. Iye anatsutsa kuchuluka kwa asilikali mu 2007, kunena kuti General David Petraeus anali "wakufa, wolakwa kwambiri" pokhulupirira kuti opaleshoniyo ikhoza kugwira ntchito. M'malo mwake a Biden adalimbikitsa kugawa dziko la Iraq kukhala chitaganya chotayirira cha mayiko atatu. Mu November 2006, a Biden ndi a Leslie H. Gelb, pulezidenti yemwe anatuluka mu Council on Foreign Relations, anatulutsa njira yothetsa ziwawa zamagulu ku Iraq. M'malo mopitiriza njira yomwe ilipo kapena kuchoka, dongosololi linafuna "njira yachitatu": kugwirizanitsa Iraq ndi kupatsa Akurds, Shiites, ndi Sunni "malo opumira" m'madera awo. Mu Seputembala 2007, chigamulo chosamangirira chovomereza dongosololi chidadutsa Senate, koma lingalirolo linali lachilendo, linalibe gawo la ndale, ndipo linalephera kukopa chidwi. Utsogoleri wa ndale ku Iraq udadzudzula chigamulochi ngati kugawa dzikolo, ndipo kazembe wa U.S. ku Baghdad adatulutsa mawu odzipatula kwa iwo. Mu Meyi 2008, a Biden adadzudzula kwambiri zomwe Purezidenti George W. Bush adalankhula ku Knesset ya Israeli pomwe Bush adafanizira ma Democrats ndi atsogoleri aku Western omwe adakondweretsa Hitler nkhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse isanachitike; Biden adatcha mawuwo "bullshit", "malarkey", ndi "zokwiyitsa". Kenako anapepesa chifukwa cha chinenero chake.

Makampeni a Purezidenti a 1988 ndi 2008

1988 kampeni

Nkhani yayikulu: kampeni ya Purezidenti Joe Biden 1988

Biden adalengeza kuti adzasankhidwa kukhala Purezidenti wa Democratic mu 1988 pa June 9, 1987. Ankaonedwa kuti ndi munthu wolimba mtima chifukwa cha chifaniziro chake chochepa, luso lake loyankhula, udindo wake wapamwamba monga wapampando wa Senate Judiciary Committee pamsonkhano womwe ukubwera wa Robert Bork Supreme Court, komanso apilo yake kwa Baby Boomers; akanakhala wachiwiri-wamng'ono kusankhidwa pulezidenti, pambuyo John F. Kennedy.Adakweza kwambiri kotala yoyamba ya 1987 kuposa wina aliyense.

Pofika mu Ogasiti mauthenga a kampeni yake anali atasokonezeka chifukwa cha mikangano ya ogwira ntchito, ndipo mu Seputembala, adayimbidwa mlandu wolankhulidwa ndi mtsogoleri wa chipani cha British Labor Neil Kinnock. Zolankhula za Biden zinali ndi mizere yofananira yokhala munthu woyamba m'banja lake kupita ku yunivesite. Biden adanenanso kuti Kinnock ndiye adapanga zomwe zidachitika m'mbuyomu, koma sanatero kawiri kumapeto kwa Ogasiti. amuna awiriwa anakumana mu 1988, kupanga ubwenzi wokhalitsa.

Kumayambiriro kwa chaka chimenecho adagwiritsanso ntchito ndime zochokera m'mawu a 1967 a Robert F. Kennedy (omwe omuthandizira ake adamuimba mlandu) ndi mawu achidule ochokera ku adilesi yotsegulira ya John F. Kennedy; zaka ziwiri m'mbuyomo adagwiritsa ntchito ndime ya 1976 ya Hubert Humphrey. A Biden adayankha kuti andale nthawi zambiri amabwereka wina ndi mnzake osapereka ngongole, komanso kuti m'modzi mwa omwe amapikisana naye pa chisankhocho, a Jesse Jackson, adamuyitana kuti amuuze kuti iye (Jackson) adagwiritsanso ntchito zomwezo za Humphrey zomwe Biden adagwiritsa ntchito. 21

Patatha masiku angapo, chochitika kusukulu ya zamalamulo pomwe a Biden adajambula mawu kuchokera munkhani ya Fordham Law Review yokhala ndi mawu osakwanira adalengezedwa. Anafunika kubwereza maphunzirowo ndipo anakhoza bwino kwambiri. Pa pempho la a Biden, a Board of Professional Responsibility a Khothi Lalikulu la Delaware adawunikiranso zomwe zinachitikazo ndipo adatsimikiza kuti sanaphwanye malamulo aliwonse.

Biden wanena zambiri zabodza kapena kukokomeza za ubwana wake: kuti adapeza madigiri atatu ku koleji, kuti adapita kusukulu ya zamalamulo pamaphunziro athunthu, kuti adamaliza maphunziro ake apamwamba kwambiri, ndiponso kuti anaguba mu gulu lomenyera ufulu wachibadwidwe. Kuchepa kwa nkhani zina zokhuza mpikisano wapurezidenti kudakulitsa zoululira izi ndipo pa Seputembara 23, 1987, a Biden adasiya kuyimira, ponena kuti zidachulukidwa ndi "mthunzi wokokomeza" wa zolakwa zake zakale.

2008 kampeni

Atawona kuthekera kopambana m'mipikisano ingapo yam'mbuyomu, mu Januware 2007, a Biden adalengeza kuti adzayimirira pazisankho za 2008. Panthawi ya kampeni, a Biden adayang'ana kwambiri za Nkhondo yaku Iraq, mbiri yake ngati wapampando wa makomiti akulu a Senate, komanso zomwe adakumana nazo pazandale. Pakati pa chaka cha 2007, a Biden adatsindika ukadaulo wake wamalamulo akunja poyerekeza ndi a Obama. Biden adadziwika chifukwa cha omwe adapanga nawo nthawi ya kampeni; mumkangano umodzi adati za woyimira Republican Rudy Giuliani: "Pali zinthu zitatu zokha zomwe amatchulamo.

A Biden anali ndi vuto lopeza ndalama, amavutika kukokera anthu kumisonkhano yake, ndipo adalephera kukopa chidwi cha omwe anali a Obama ndi Senator Hillary Clinton Sanakwezepo manambala amodzi pamavoti adziko lonse a demokalase. Pampikisano woyamba pa Januware 3, 2008, a Biden adakhala pachisanu pamisonkhano ya ku Iowa, adapeza ocheperako pang'ono peresenti ya nthumwi za boma. Iye anatuluka pa mpikisanowu usiku umenewo

Ngakhale sizinachite bwino, kampeni ya a Biden ya 2008 idakweza kukula kwake pazandale. : 336  Makamaka, zidasintha ubale pakati pa Biden ndi Obama. Ngakhale adatumikira limodzi mu komiti ya Senate Foreign Relations Committee, anali asanakhalepo pafupi: Biden adanyansidwa ndi kukwera kwachangu kwa Obama pazandale, pomwe a Obama amawona a Biden ngati wodekha komanso wokonda.:  28, 337– 338  Atadziwana mchaka cha 2007, Obama adayamikira machitidwe a Biden ndikukopa ovota ogwira ntchito, ndipo a Biden adati adatsimikiza kuti Obama ndiye "mgwirizano weniweni".

2008 kampeni wachiwiri kwa purezidenti

Zolemba zazikulu: kampeni yapurezidenti ya Barack Obama 2008 komanso kusankha kwa wachiwiri kwa pulezidenti wa Democratic Party mu 2008

Biden amalankhula pa Ogasiti 23, 2008, chilengezo cha Purezidenti ku Old State Capitol ku Springfield, Illinois.

A Biden atangotuluka pa mpikisano wapurezidenti, a Obama adamuuza mwachinsinsi kuti akufuna kupeza malo ofunikira a Biden muulamuliro wake. Kumayambiriro kwa Ogasiti, a Obama ndi a Biden adakumana mobisa kuti akambirane zomwe zingatheke, ndipo adapanga ubale wamphamvu. Pa Ogasiti 22, 2008, a Obama adalengeza kuti Biden adzakhala mnzake wopikisana naye. Nyuzipepala ya New York Times inanena kuti njira imene anasankha ikusonyeza kuti akufuna kudzaza tikitiyo ndi munthu amene ali ndi mfundo za mayiko ena komanso chitetezo cha dziko. Ena adawonetsa chidwi cha Biden kwa ovota apakati komanso abuluu. Biden adasankhidwa kukhala wachiwiri kwa purezidenti pa Ogasiti 27 ndi voti ya mawu pa Msonkhano Wachigawo wa Democratic National ku Denver wa 2008.

Kampeni ya wachiwiri kwa purezidenti wa a Biden sanapeze chidwi ndi atolankhani, pomwe atolankhani adapereka nkhani zambiri kwa omwe adasankhidwa ku Republican, Bwanamkubwa waku Alaska Sarah Palin. Motsogozedwa ndi kampeniyi, a Biden adasunga zolankhula zake mosapita m'mbali ndikuyesera kupewa zonena zabodza, monga zomwe ananena za kuyesedwa kwa Obama ndi mayiko akunja atangotenga udindo, zomwe zidakopa chidwi. Mwachinsinsi, zonena za Biden zidakhumudwitsa Obama. "Kodi Biden amalankhula zopusa kangati?" adafunsa. :  411-414, 419  Ogwira ntchito ku kampeni ku Obama adatcha zolakwika za Biden "mabomba a Joe" ndikusunga Biden kuti asadziwe za zokambirana zamalingaliro, zomwe zidakwiyitsa Biden.Ubale pakati pa makampeni awiriwa udasokonekera kwa mwezi umodzi, mpaka a Biden adapepesa poyimbira a Obama ndipo awiriwa adapanga mgwirizano wolimba.

Pamene mavuto azachuma a 2007-2010 adafika pachimake chifukwa chavuto lazachuma mu Seputembara 2008 komanso kubwezeredwa kwachuma ku United States kudakhala chinthu chofunikira kwambiri pantchitoyi, a Biden adavotera $700 biliyoni Emergency Economic Stabilization Act ya 2008, yomwe. adadutsa mu Senate, 74-25. Pa October 2, 2008, adachita nawo mkangano wa Vice-Presidenti ndi Palin pa yunivesite ya Washington ku St. Kafukufuku waposachedwa adapeza kuti pomwe Palin adapitilira zomwe ovota ambiri amayembekezera, a Biden adapambana mkangano wonse.M'dziko lonselo, a Biden anali ndi 60% yabwino pa kafukufuku wa Pew Research Center, poyerekeza ndi 44% ya Palin.

Pa Novembala 4, 2008, a Obama ndi a Biden adasankhidwa ndi 53% ya mavoti otchuka komanso mavoti 365 kwa a McCain-Palin mavoti 173.

Wachiwiri kwa Purezidenti (2009-2017)

A Biden adati akufuna kuchotsa maudindo omwe wachiwiri kwa Purezidenti wa George W. Bush, a Dick Cheney, ndipo sanafune kutsanzira wachiwiri kwa Purezidenti. Iye anali wapampando wa gulu la kusintha kwa Obama ndipo anatsogolera njira yopititsa patsogolo chuma chapakati pachuma.Kumayambiriro kwa Januware 2009, pomaliza kukhala wapampando wa Komiti Yowona Zakunja, adayendera atsogoleri a Iraq, Afghanistan ndi Pakistan, ndipo pa Januware 20 adalumbiritsidwa ngati wachiwiri kwa purezidenti wa 47 ku United States —wachiwiri kwa pulezidenti woyamba ku Delaware komanso wachiwiri kwa purezidenti woyamba wa Roma Katolika.

Posakhalitsa a Obama adafanizira Biden ndi wosewera mpira wa basketball "yemwe amachita zinthu zambiri zomwe sizimawonekera pamasamba". M'mwezi wa Meyi, a Biden adapita ku Kosovo ndikutsimikizira momwe US ​​ilili kuti "ufulu wake sungathe kusinthidwa". Biden adataya mkangano wamkati kwa Secretary of State Hillary Clinton wokhudza kutumiza asitikali atsopano 21,000 ku Afghanistan, koma kukayikira kwake kunali kofunikira, ndipo mu 2009, malingaliro a Biden adakula kwambiri pomwe Obama adaganiziranso njira yake yaku Afghanistan. Biden ankapita ku Iraq pafupifupi miyezi iwiri iliyonse, anakhala mtsogoleri wa akuluakulu aboma popereka mauthenga kwa atsogoleri aku Iraq okhudza kupita patsogolo komwe kukuyembekezeka kumeneko. Nthawi zambiri, kuyang'anira malamulo a Iraq kunakhala udindo wa a Biden: A Obama ankanenedwa kuti, "Joe, umachita Iraq." Biden adati Iraq "ikhoza kukhala imodzi mwazochita zazikulu za kayendetsedwe kake". Ulendo wake wopita ku Iraq mu Januwale 2010 mkati mwa chipwirikiti chokhudza anthu omwe anali oletsedwa pa chisankho cha aphungu a ku Iraq chomwe chikubwerachi chinapangitsa kuti anthu 59 mwa mazana angapo abwezeretsedwe ndi boma la Iraq patatha masiku awiri. Pofika mchaka cha 2012, a Biden anali atapanga maulendo asanu ndi atatu kumeneko, koma kuyang'anira kwake kwa mfundo za US ku Iraq kunachepa ndi kutuluka kwa asitikali aku US mu 2011.

Purezidenti Obama athokoza a Biden chifukwa cha gawo lake popanga ngongole zomwe zidapangitsa kuti pakhale Budget Control Act ya 2011.

Biden amayang'anira ndalama zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazachuma kuchokera ku pulogalamu yolimbikitsira ya Obama yomwe cholinga chake ndikuthandizira kuthana ndi kugwa kwachuma komwe kukuchitika. Panthawiyi, a Biden adakhutitsidwa kuti palibe ziwopsezo zazikulu kapena katangale zomwe zidachitika, ndipo atamaliza udindowu mu February 2011, adati kuchuluka kwazachinyengo zomwe zachitika ndi ndalama zolimbikitsira zidakhala zosakwana 1 peresenti.

Chakumapeto kwa Epulo 2009, kuyankha kwa Biden ku funso lomwe lidayamba kufalikira kwa chimfine cha nkhumba, kuti angalangize achibale ake kuti asayende pandege kapena njanji zapansi panthaka, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti a White House abwererenso mwachangu. Mawuwa adatsitsimutsanso mbiri ya Biden ya ma gaffes. Poyang'anizana ndi kuchuluka kwa ulova mpaka Julayi 2009, a Biden adavomereza kuti akuluakulu aboma "sanawerenge molakwika momwe chuma chinaliri" koma adakhalabe ndi chidaliro kuti njira zolimbikitsira zitha kuyambitsa ntchito zinanso ndalama zikadzakwera.Pa Marichi 23, 2010, maikolofoni adanyamula a Biden ndikuuza Purezidenti kuti kusaina kwake Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act kunali "chovuta kwambiri" pawailesi yakanema mdziko muno. Ngakhale anali umunthu wosiyana, a Obama ndi a Biden adapanga ubwenzi, womwe unakhazikitsidwa ndi mwana wamkazi wa Obama, Sasha ndi mdzukulu wa Biden Maisy, omwe adaphunzira limodzi ku Sidwell Friends School.

Biden paulendo wopita ku Baghdad

Mamembala a Obama ati udindo wa a Biden mu White House ndi kukhala wotsutsana ndi kukakamiza ena kuteteza maudindo awo. Rahm Emanuel, wamkulu wa ogwira ntchito ku White House, adati Biden adathandizira kuganiza kwamagulu. Mlembi wa atolankhani ku White House a Jay Carney, yemwe anali woyang'anira zolumikizirana ku Biden, adati a Biden adasewera "munthu woyipa mu Situation Room". Mlangizi wina wamkulu wa Obama adati a Biden "nthawi zonse amakhala wokonzeka kukhala skunk pa pikiniki yabanja kuwonetsetsa kuti ndife owona mtima momwe tingathere." Obama adati, "Chinthu chabwino kwambiri chokhudza Joe ndichakuti tikasonkhanitsa aliyense, amakakamizadi anthu kuganiza ndi kuteteza udindo wawo, kuyang'ana zinthu kuchokera kumbali zonse, ndipo izi ndi zofunika kwambiri kwa ine." A Biden adakhala momasuka kunyumba kwawo ku Washington, nthawi zambiri kusangalatsa adzukulu awo, ndi nthawi zonse ankabwerera kwawo ku Delaware.

A Biden adalimbikitsa kwambiri ma Democrats mu zisankho zapakati pa 2010, kukhalabe ndi chiyembekezo poyang'anizana ndi kulosera kwakuti chipanichi chidzaluza kwakukulu. Kutsatira kupindula kwakukulu kwa Republican pachisankho komanso kuchoka kwa mkulu wa ogwira ntchito ku White House a Rahm Emanuel, ubale wam'mbuyomu wa Biden ndi aku Republican ku Congress udakhala wofunikira kwambiri. Anatsogolera ntchito yoyendetsa bwino kuti apeze chivomerezo cha Senate.


Mu Marichi 2011, a Obama adapatsa a Biden kuti atsogolere zokambirana ndi Congress kuti athetse ndalama zomwe boma lidawononga kwa chaka chonsecho ndikupewa kutseka kwa boma. Pofika Meyi 2011, gulu la "Biden panel" lomwe lili ndi mamembala asanu ndi limodzi a Congress anali kuyesera kuti afikire mgwirizano wamayiko awiri okweza ngongole zaku US monga gawo la dongosolo lonse lochepetsera chipereŵero. Ngongole zaku US zidakula m'miyezi ingapo yotsatira, koma ubale wa a Biden ndi McConnell udawonetsanso chinsinsi pakuthetsa mkangano ndikubweretsa mgwirizano kuti athetse, monga lamulo la Budget Control Act la 2011, losainidwa pa Ogasiti 2, 2011. , tsiku lomwelo kusakhulupirika kosayembekezereka kwa U.S. kudachitika. A Biden adakhala nthawi yayitali kuposa aliyense muulamuliro akukambirana ndi Congress pa funso langongole, ndipo wogwira ntchito ku Republican adati, "Biden ndi munthu yekhayo amene ali ndi ulamuliro wokambirana, ndipo [McConnell] akudziwa kuti mawu ake ndi abwino. chinali chinsinsi cha mgwirizano."

Biden, Obama ndi gulu lachitetezo cha dziko adasonkhana mu White House Situation Room kuti awone momwe ntchito ya May 2011 yopha Osama bin Laden ikuyendera.

Malipoti ena akusonyeza kuti a Biden anatsutsa kupitiriza ndi cholinga cha Meyi 2011 ku US chopha Osama bin Laden, kuopa kulephera kusokoneza chiyembekezo cha Obama kuti asankhidwenso. Iye adatsogolera podziwitsa atsogoleri a Congression za zotsatira zopambana.

Kusankhidwanso

Nkhani yayikulu: kampeni ya Purezidenti wa 2012 ya Barack Obama

Mu Okutobala 2010, a Biden adati a Obama adamupempha kuti akhalebe ngati mnzake womuyimira pazisankho zapurezidenti wa 2012, koma kutchuka kwa Obama kukucheperachepera, Chief of Staff ku White House William M. Daley adachita kafukufuku wachinsinsi komanso kafukufuku wamagulu. kumapeto kwa 2011 pa lingaliro lolowa m'malo mwa Biden pa tikiti ndi Hillary Clinton. Lingaliroli lidathetsedwa pomwe zotsatira zake zidawonetsa kuti palibe kusintha kwabwino kwa Obama, ndipo akuluakulu a White House pambuyo pake adati Obama mwiniwakeyo anali asanamvepo lingaliroli.

Ndemanga ya a Biden mu May 2012 yoti "anali womasuka" ndi maukwati a amuna kapena akazi okhaokha adadziwika kwambiri ndi anthu poyerekeza ndi udindo wa Obama, womwe unkafotokozedwa ngati "kusintha". A Biden adalankhula mawu ake popanda chilolezo cha utsogoleri, ndipo a Obama ndi omuthandizira adakwiya, popeza Obama adakonza zosintha maudindo pambuyo pa miyezi ingapo, pokonzekera msonkhano wachipani. Omenyera ufulu wa gay adatengera zomwe a Biden adanena, ndipo m'masiku ochepa, a Obama adalengeza kuti nayenso amathandizira maukwati a amuna kapena akazi okhaokha, zomwe zidakakamizidwa ndi zomwe a Biden adanena. Biden adapepesa kwa Obama mwamseri chifukwa cholankhula, pomwe Obama adavomereza poyera kuti zidachitika kuchokera pansi pamtima.

Kampeni ya a Obama idawona Biden ngati wandale wotsatsa malonda, ndipo anali ndi nthawi yayitali yowonekera m'maboma osinthika pomwe kampeni yosankhanso zisankho idayamba mwachangu mchaka cha 2012. Ndemanga ya Ogasiti 2012 pamaso pa anthu amitundu yosiyanasiyana kuti malingaliro a Republican oti akhazikitse malamulo a Wall Street "adzabwezeretsa nonse mu unyolo" adakopa chidwi kwa a Biden. Nyuzipepala ya Los Angeles Times inalemba kuti, "Panthawi yolankhulira a Biden, pakhoza kukhala mphindi khumi ndi ziwiri zopangitsa osindikizira kukhumudwa, ndikupangitsa atolankhani kutembenukirana wina ndi mnzake ndi chisangalalo komanso chisokonezo."

Biden adasankhidwa kukhala wachichiwiri kwa purezidenti pa msonkhano wa 2012 Democratic National Convention mu Seputembala. Potsutsana ndi mnzake waku Republican, Woimira Paul Ryan, mumkangano wachiwiri kwa purezidenti pa Okutobala 11 adateteza mbiri ya boma la Obama.Pa Novembala 6, a Obama ndi a Biden adapambananso pa Mitt Romney ndi Paul Ryan ndi mavoti 332 mwa 538 a Electoral College ndi 51% ya mavoti otchuka.

Mu Disembala 2012, a Obama adatcha a Biden kuti atsogolere gulu lankhondo la Gun Violence Task Force, lomwe lidapangidwa kuti lithetse zomwe zayambitsa kuwomberana kusukulu ndikuganizira zowongolera mfuti zomwe zitha kuchitika pambuyo pa kuwomberana kwa Sandy Hook Elementary School. Pambuyo pake mwezi womwewo, m'masiku omaliza United States isanagwe "pazachuma", ubale wa Biden ndi McConnell udakhalanso wofunikira pomwe awiriwa adakambirana zomwe zidapangitsa kuti lamulo la American Taxpayer Relief Act la 2012 likhazikitsidwe koyambirira kwa 2013. Zinapangitsa kuti kuchepetsa msonkho wa Bush kukhale kokhazikika koma kukweza mitengo yandalama zapamwamba.

A Biden sanatengepo mbali pang'ono pazokambirana zomwe zidapangitsa kuti mu October 2013 ndime ya Continuing Appropriations Act, 2014, yomwe idathetsa kutsekedwa kwa boma mu 2013 ndi vuto la ngongole la 2013. Izi zinali chifukwa mtsogoleri wamkulu wa Senate Harry Reid ndi atsogoleri ena a Democratic. adamuchotsa pazokambirana zachindunji ndi Congress, akumva kuti Biden adapereka zambiri pazokambirana zam'mbuyomu.

Biden's Violence Against Women Act idavomerezedwanso mu 2013. Mchitidwewu udapangitsa kuti pakhale zochitika zofananira, monga White House Council on Women and Girls, yomwe idayamba chigawo choyamba, komanso White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assaught, idayamba mu Januwale 2014 ndi Biden ndi Valerie Jarrett ngati apampando amgwirizano. Biden adakambirana za malangizo aboma pazachipongwe pamasukulu aku yunivesite pomwe amalankhula ku University of New Hampshire. Iye anati, “Ayi akutanthauza ayi, ngati waledzera kapena waledzeretsa. Ayi ndithu ngati uli pabedi, m’chipinda chogona kapena pamsewu. maganizo anu. Ayi sikutanthauza ayi."

Biden ankakonda kupatsa zida zigawenga za ku Syria.Pamene Iraq idagwa mchaka cha 2014, chidwi chatsopano chidaperekedwa ku Biden-Gelb Iraqi federalization plan ya 2006, pomwe ena owonera akuti Biden anali wolondola nthawi yonseyi. Biden mwiniwake adanena kuti US idzatsatira ISIL "ku zipata za gehena". Biden anali ndi ubale wapamtima ndi atsogoleri angapo aku Latin America ndipo adapatsidwa chidwi ndi derali panthawi ya utsogoleri; adayendera chigawochi maulendo 16 pa nthawi ya utsogoleri wake, kuposa pulezidenti aliyense kapena wachiŵiri kwa pulezidenti.

Mu 2015, Mneneri wa Nyumbayi a John Boehner ndi mtsogoleri wamkulu wa Senate Mitch McConnell adaitana nduna yayikulu ya Israeli a Benjamin Netanyahu kuti alankhule nawo pamsonkhano wa Congress popanda kudziwitsa akuluakulu a Obama. Kusamvera malamulowa kudapangitsa a Biden ndi ma Democrats opitilira 50 kulumpha zolankhula za Netanyahu. Mu Ogasiti 2016, a Biden adapita ku Serbia, komwe adakumana ndi Purezidenti waku Serbia Aleksandar Vučić ndikufotokozera zachisoni chake kwa anthu wamba omwe adazunzidwa ndi bomba pankhondo ya Kosovo. Ku Kosovo, adapezeka pamwambo wopatsa dzina la msewu waukulu pambuyo pa mwana wake Beau, polemekeza ntchito ya Beau ku Kosovo pophunzitsa oweruza ndi ozenga milandu.

A Biden sanachitepo voti yosokoneza mu Senate, zomwe zidamupanga kukhala wachiwiri kwa purezidenti yemwe adakhalapo kwanthawi yayitali kwambiri.

Biden ndi Wachiwiri kwa Purezidenti-wosankhidwa Mike Pence pa Novembara 10, 2016

Udindo mu kampeni ya pulezidenti wa 2016

Munthawi yake yachiwiri, a Biden nthawi zambiri ankanenedwa kuti akukonzekera kusankhidwa kwa 2016 demokalase. Ndi banja lake, abwenzi ambiri, ndi opereka ndalama omwe adamulimbikitsa pakati pa chaka cha 2015 kuti alowe mu mpikisanowu, komanso chifukwa chokomera mtima kwa Hillary Clinton kudatsika panthawiyo, a Biden adanenedwa kuti akuganiziranso mozama za chiyembekezo komanso "Draft Biden 2016" PAC. idakhazikitsidwa.

Pofika pa Seputembara 11, 2015, a Biden anali akadali osatsimikiza za kuthamanga. Anaona kuti imfa yaposachedwapa ya mwana wake inamuthera mphamvu zake zamaganizo, ndipo anati, “palibe amene ali ndi ufulu ... kufuna udindo umenewo pokhapokha atalolera kuupereka 110% ya omwe ali.” Pa October 21 , polankhula pabwalo la Rose Garden ndi mkazi wake ndi Obama pambali pake, a Biden adalengeza chisankho chake chosapikisana nawo paudindo wapulezidenti mu 2016. Mu Januwale 2016, a Biden adatsimikiza kuti chinali chisankho choyenera, koma adavomereza kuti adanong'oneza bondo kuti sanayimire Purezidenti "tsiku lililonse".

Obama atavomereza Hillary Clinton pa June 9, 2016, a Biden adamuvomereza pambuyo pake tsiku lomwelo. Muchisankho chonse cha 2016, a Biden adadzudzula mdani wa Clinton, a Donald Trump, mosiyanasiyana.

Ntchito zotsatila (2017-2019)

Atasiya utsogoleri wachiwiri, Biden adakhala pulofesa wolemekezeka ku University of Pennsylvania. Wotchedwa "Benjamin Franklin Presidential Practice Professor", Biden adatsogolera zokambirana za mbiri yakale ndi ndale ndipo adapanga Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement.Anapitirizanso kutsogolera zoyesayesa zopezera mankhwala a khansa. Mu 2017, adalemba memoir, Ndilonjezeni, Adadi, ndipo adayenda ulendo woyendera mabuku. Biden adapeza $15.6 miliyoni kuyambira 2017 mpaka 2018. Mu 2018, adapereka mawu olimbikitsa kwa Senator John McCain, kuyamika McCain kukumbatira malingaliro aku America komanso maubwenzi apawiri. Biden adawongoleredwa ndi mabomba awiri a mapaipi omwe adatumizidwa kwa iye pakuyesa kuphulitsa kwamakalata kwa Okutobala 2018, komwe kumayang'ana opanga malamulo ademokalase ndi otsutsa.

Biden adakhalabe pamaso pa anthu, kuvomereza ofuna kusankhidwa kwinaku akupitiliza kupereka ndemanga pazandale, kusintha kwanyengo, komanso utsogoleri wa a Donald Trump. Anapitirizanso kulankhula mokomera ufulu wa LGBT, kupitiriza kulimbikitsa pa nkhani yomwe adagwirizana nayo kwambiri pa nthawi ya utsogoleri wake. Mu 2019, a Biden adadzudzula Brunei chifukwa chofuna kutsata malamulo achisilamu omwe angalole kufa poponyedwa miyala chifukwa cha chigololo komanso kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha, kutcha izi "zowopsa komanso zachiwerewere" ndikuti, "Palibe chowiringula - osati chikhalidwe, osati miyambo - yamtunduwu. chidani ndi nkhanza." Pofika chaka cha 2019, a Biden ndi mkazi wake adanenanso kuti chuma chawo chawonjezeka kufika [kumveka kofunikira] pakati pa $2.2 miliyoni ndi $8 miliyoni chifukwa cholankhulana komanso mgwirizano wolemba mabuku.

2020 kampeni ya pulezidenti

Nkhani yayikulu: Kampeni ya Purezidenti wa Joe Biden 2020

Kungoyerekeza ndi kulengeza

Pakati pa 2016 ndi 2019, nyumba zoulutsira nkhani nthawi zambiri zimatchula a Biden kuti ndi omwe angakhale Purezidenti mu 2020. Atafunsidwa ngati angathamangire, iye anapereka mayankho osiyanasiyana komanso osagwirizana, ponena kuti “musanene konse”. Panthawi ina ananena kuti sanaone momwe angathamangirenso, koma patapita masiku angapo, anati, "Ndithamanga ngati ndingathe kuyenda." yomwe imadziwika kuti Time for Biden idakhazikitsidwa mu Januware 2018, kufuna kuti a Biden alowe nawo mpikisanowo. Pomaliza adayambitsa kampeni yake pa Epulo 25, 2019, nati adalimbikitsidwa kuthamangira, mwa zifukwa zina, ndi "malingaliro ake antchito."

Kampeni

Mu Seputembala 2019, zidanenedwa kuti a Trump adakakamiza Purezidenti waku Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy kuti afufuze zomwe Biden ndi mwana wake Hunter Biden adachita. Ngakhale zinali zonenedweratu, palibe umboni womwe udapangidwa wokhudza kulakwa kulikonse ndi a Biden. Atolankhani amatanthauzira kwambiri kukakamiza uku kuti afufuze a Biden ngati kuyesa kuvulaza mwayi wa Biden kuti apambane utsogoleri, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti pakhale chipongwe chandaleb komanso kutsutsidwa kwa a Trump ndi Nyumba ya Oyimilira.

Kuyambira mu 2019, a Trump ndi ogwirizana nawo adanamizira a Biden kuti achotsa woimira boma ku Ukraine Viktor Shokin chifukwa akuti akufuna kufufuza Burisma Holdings, yomwe idalemba ntchito Hunter Biden. Biden akuimbidwa mlandu woletsa $ 1 biliyoni thandizo kuchokera ku Ukraine pakuchita izi. Mu 2015, a Biden adakakamiza nyumba yamalamulo yaku Ukraine kuti ichotse Shokin chifukwa United States, European Union ndi mabungwe ena apadziko lonse lapansi amawona kuti Shokin ndi achinyengo komanso osagwira ntchito, makamaka chifukwa Shokin sanali kufufuza Burisma motsimikiza. Kuyimitsidwa kwa $ 1 biliyoni yothandizira inali gawo la ndondomeko yovomerezekayi. Komiti ya Senate Homeland Security Committee ndi Senate Finance Committee, motsogozedwa ndi a Republican, idafufuza zolakwa za a Bidens ku Ukraine, ndipo pamapeto pake idatulutsa lipoti mu Seputembara 2020 lomwe silinafotokozere umboni wa zolakwa za a Joe Biden, ndipo adatsimikiza kuti "sizikudziwika bwino" ngati udindo wa Hunter Biden ku Burisma "unakhudza mfundo za US ku Ukraine".

Mu Marichi 2019 ndi Epulo 2019, a Biden adaimbidwa mlandu ndi azimayi asanu ndi atatu pamilandu yam'mbuyomu yokhudzana mosayenera, monga kukumbatira, kugwirana kapena kupsopsona. Biden adadzitcha kale "wandale wovuta" ndipo adavomereza kuti izi zidamubweretsera mavuto. Mu Epulo 2019, a Biden adalonjeza "kulemekeza malo omwe anthu amakhala".

Mu chaka chonse cha 2019, a Biden adakhala patsogolo pa ma Democrat ena pamasankho adziko lonse. Ngakhale izi, adamaliza wachinayi m'macaucuses a Iowa, ndipo patatha masiku asanu ndi atatu, wachisanu mu pulaimale ya New Hampshire. Anachita bwino m'magulu a Nevada, kufika pa 15% yofunikira kwa nthumwi, komabe anali kumbuyo kwa Bernie Sanders ndi 21.6 peresenti.Kupanga madandaulo amphamvu kwa anthu akuda panjira ya kampeni komanso mkangano waku South Carolina, a Biden adapambana mapulaimale aku South Carolina ndi mapoints oposa 28. Pambuyo pochotsa komanso kuvomereza kwa omwe adasankhidwa Pete Buttigieg ndi Amy Klobuchar, adapeza bwino pachisankho chachikulu cha Marichi 3 Super Lachiwiri. Biden adapambana mipikisano 18 mwa mipikisano 26 yotsatira, kuphatikiza Alabama, Arkansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, ndi Virginia, zomwe zidamuyika patsogolo pazambiri zonse. Elizabeth Warren ndi Mike Bloomberg adasiya ntchito, ndipo Biden adakulitsa kutsogolera kwake ndikupambana ma Sanders m'maboma anayi .