Kupha David Amess

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Pa 15 Okutobala 2021, Sir David Amess, wandale waku Britain Conservative Party komanso Waphungu wa Nyumba Yamalamulo ku Southend West, adamwalira ataphedwa mobwerezabwereza pamsonkhano wamadera ku Leigh-on-Sea, Essex. Mnyamata wina wazaka 25 wazaka zaku Britain adamangidwa pamalopo pomuganizira zakupha. Kuberako kukufufuzidwa ngati chochitika chauchifwamba chomwe chingakhale cholimbikitsidwa ndi zipolowe zachisilamu.

Mbiri[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Sir David Amess anali wandale wokhalitsa yemwe adalowa Nyumba yamalamulo mu 1983 ngati MP wa Basildon. Sanakhale ndiudindo wapamwamba koma a Nick Paton Walsh anali membala "wodziwika nthawi yomweyo" wa Conservative Party ndipo adapatsidwa ulemu chifukwa chandale komanso ntchito zaboma. Anali Mkatolika wodzipereka komanso wosasinthasintha chikhalidwe; adatsutsa kuchotsa mimba ndipo adachita kampeni yofuna Brexit, chitetezo champhamvu cha nyama, ndikupatsa Southend-on-Sea kukhala mzinda.

Kutsatira kuphedwa kwa MP Jo Cox popita kukakumana ndi omwe adachita opareshoni ku 2016, Amess adalemba mu mbiri yake ya 2020 kuti kuwopa kuzunzidwa komweku "m'malo mwake kudasokoneza miyambo yayikulu yaku Britain yoti anthu adakumana momasuka ndi andale omwe adawasankha" ndikuti anali atakumana ndi kuzunzidwa komanso kusatetezeka kunyumba kwake. Aphungu amatetezedwa ndi apolisi okhala ndi zida ali mkati mwa Nyumba Yamalamulo, chitetezo chokhwima pambuyo pa kuukira kwa Westminster ku 2017. Komabe, nthawi zambiri sapatsidwa chitetezo cha apolisi nthawi yochita maopaleshoni, ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala limodzi ndi wogwira ntchito m'modzi yekha. Pambuyo pa kuphedwa kwa Cox, ndalama zanyumba yamalamulo pazachitetezo cha a MPs zidakwera kuchokera pansi pa $ 200,000 mpaka £ 4.5 miliyoni mzaka ziwiri.

Kuukira[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Pa 15 Okutobala 2021, Amess anali kuchipatala ku Belmethodist Church Hall ku Eastwood Road North, Leigh-on-Sea, komwe amayenera kukakumana ndi mamembala kuyambira 10:00 mpaka 13:00 BST (UTC + 1). Anakumana koyamba ndi mamembala pamasitepe a tchalitchicho ndipo adalowa mnyumbayo nthawi ya 12:05 kuti akalankhule ndi anthu omwe adafika kale. Tili mkati mwa holo ya tchalitchicho, bambo wina wokhala ndi mpeni adatuluka pagulu la omwe adakhalapo ndikumubaya kangapo.

Apolisi adadziwitsidwa, apolisi okhala ndi zida komanso ma helikopita azachipatala komanso apolisi akufika pamalopo. Mnyamata wina adagwidwa mkati mwa holo ya tchalitchicho, ndipo chingwe cha apolisi chidakhazikitsidwa. Ambulansi ya ndege idafika pa Beladows Sports Ground nthawi ya 14:13 kuti itenge Amess kuchipatala. Gulu lazachipatala lidaganiza kuti Matenda a Amess sanali okhazikika kuti amunyamule ndikupitiliza kugwira ntchito pamalopo. Adanenedwa kuti wamwalira nthawi isanakwane 15:00.

Kufufuza[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Apolisi olimbana ndi uchigawenga anali nawo gawo loyambirira la kafukufukuyu. Apolisi a Essex ati "bambo wazaka 25 adamangidwa mwachangu apolisi atafika pamalopo pokayikira zakupha ndipo atapezanso mpeni". Pafupifupi 18:32 pa 15 Okutobala, Apolisi a Essex adalengeza kuti kafukufukuyo waperekedwa ku Counter Terrorism Command of London's Metropolitan Police Service. Madzulo a tsikulo, BBC idatinso "gwero la boma" lanena kuti yemwe akukayikidwayo ndi nzika yaku Britain yochokera ku Somalia.

Cha m'ma 00:30 pa 16 Okutobala, apolisi akuti adazindikira kuti zigawengazo ndi zomwe zachitika chifukwa cha zigawenga zachisilamu. Madzulo a 16 Okutobala, a Metropolitan Police Service adatsimikiza kuti womangidwayo adasungidwa pansi pa Gawo 41 la Terrorism Act 2000, ndikuti oweruza adaonjezera nthawi yomwe womangidwayo akhoza kusungidwa kuti akafunsidwe mafunso mpaka 22 Okutobala. Apolisi adasanthula ma adilesi atatu ku London kumapeto kwa sabata kutsatira kubayidwa.

Wokayikira[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Mnyamata wazaka 25 wazaka zaku Britain wokhala nzika zaku Somalia adadziwika ndikumupeza kuti akumukayikira munyuzipepala, koma alibe mlandu. Zaka zingapo chiwerengerochi chisanachitike, wokayikiridwayo adatumizidwa ku pulogalamu ya Prevent, pulogalamu yodzifunira yaku Britain kwa iwo omwe angaganizidwe kuti atha kusintha zinthu. Amakhulupirira kuti sanakhale nthawi yayitali pulogalamuyi, ndipo sanali "wokondweretsedwa" ndi MI5.

Abambo a omwe akukayikiridwayo anali mkulu wakale waboma la Somalia yemwe akuti anali atakumana ndi ziwopsezo kuchokera ku gulu la al-Shabaab. Maubwenzi apamtima a Amess ku Qatar, omwe amathandizira boma la Somalia, awunikidwanso ndi apolisi.

Zochita[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Zitachitika izi, Prime Minister Boris Johnson adabwerera kuchokera kutchuthi, ku Westminster, komwe mbendera zidatsitsidwa mpaka theka. Magulu osiyanasiyana aphungu, komanso andale apano komanso akale, adadandaula ndikupereka mawu achisoni, monganso achifumu, andale apadziko lonse lapansi, komanso abale a Jo Cox. Kuyang'anira Amess kudachitika mdera lake la Southend West ku 18: 00 tsiku lomwe adamwalira, pomwe wina adachitika tsiku lotsatira. Mneneri wa Nyumba Yamalamulo, Sir Lindsay Hoyle, alengeza kuti chitetezo cha aphungu chidzaunikidwanso. Chitetezo cha aphungu pakuchita opaleshoni yotseguka, pagulu adatsutsana ndi andale. A Conservatives adayimitsa kampeni yawo.

Pa 16 Okutobala, Boris Johnson ndi Mtsogoleri Wotsutsa Sir Keir Starmer, limodzi ndi Sir Lindsay Hoyle ndi Secretary of Home Priti Patel, adayika nkhata mu holo yampingo komwe Amess adaphedwa. Pa 18 Okutobala, kuli chete kwamphindi yaying'ono ku Nyumba Yamalamulo Nyumba Yamalamulo isanapereke msonkho kwa Amess. Madzulo omwewo, msonkhano wokumbukira Amess udachitika ndi aphungu ku St Margaret's Church, Westminster. Idayendetsedwa ndi ITV pa YouTube. Aphungu adalipira msonkho m'buku lachitonthozo lomwe lidasungidwa ku House of Commons Library, komanso ku Westminster Hall ndi Portcullis House. Misonkho idayikidwanso ku Nyumba ya Tchalitchi ya Beladisti Methodist, komwe Amess adaphedwa.

Wansembe Wachikatolika adati sanaloledwe kulowa m'malo opalamula kuti akapereke miyambo yomaliza kwa Amess. Kutsatira kuphedwa kwa Amess, opanga malamulo ku Britain Katolika adapereka ziganizo zotsimikizira kudzipereka kwa Amess mchikhulupiriro chake ndikuyamika zomwe adachita.

M'masiku otsatira Amess atamwalira, aphungu ambiri, kuphatikiza a Conservative Chris Skidmore ndi a Charlotte Nichols a Labour, adawonetsa kuthandizira kwawo kampeni yopatsa mzinda wa Southend-on-Sea ngati njira yolemekezera kukumbukira kwa Amess; adayankhula pafupipafupi pamutuwu ku Nyumba Yamalamulo. Pazopereka msonkho kwa Amess pa 18 Okutobala, adalengeza ndi Johnson kuti Mfumukazi idavomereza kuti Southend apangidwa kukhala mzinda.

Zolemba[Sinthani | sintha gwero]