Mliri wa kachilombo ka corona 2019-20

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Mliri wa COVID ‑ 19, womwe umadziwikanso kuti mliri wa coronavirus, ndi mliri wopitilira wa matenda a coronavirus 2019 (COVID ‑ 19) omwe amayamba chifukwa cha chifuwa chachikulu cha kupuma kwa coronavirus 2 (SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2). Matendawa adadziwika koyamba mu Disembala 2019 ku Wuhan, China. World Health Organisation yalengeza kuti kufalikira kwa Public Health Emergency of International Concern pa 30 Januware 2020 komanso mliri pa 11 Marichi 2020. Pofika pa 23 Seputembara 2020, milandu yopitilira 31.6 miliyoni idanenedwapo m'maiko ndi zigawo 188, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti kuposa Anthu 972,000 amafa; anthu opitilira 21.7 miliyoni adachira.

Matendawa amafalikira pakati pa anthu nthawi zambiri akakhala pafupi. Imafalikira mosavuta komanso mosadukiza kudzera mlengalenga, makamaka kudzera m'malo mwadontho kapena tinthu tating'onoting'ono monga ma aerosol, omwe amapangidwa pambuyo poti munthu wodwala apuma, kutsokomola, kuyetsemula, kuyankhula kapena kuimba . Itha kupatsidwanso kudzera pamalo owonongeka, ngakhale izi sizinawonetsedwe bwino. Ikhoza kufalikira kwa masiku awiri chisonyezo chisanayambike, komanso kuchokera kwa anthu omwe alibe. Anthu amakhala opatsirana kwa masiku 7-12 m'milandu yochepa, ndipo mpaka milungu iwiri pamavuto akulu.

Zizindikiro zodziwika bwino zimaphatikizapo kutentha thupi, kutsokomola, kutopa, kupuma movutikira kapena kupuma movutikira, komanso kununkhiza. Zovuta zimatha kuphatikizira chibayo komanso vuto la kupuma kwamphamvu. Nthawi yokwanira nthawi zambiri imakhala pafupifupi masiku asanu koma imatha kuyambira tsiku limodzi mpaka masiku 14. Pali ofuna katemera omwe akutukuka, ngakhale kuti palibe amene adamaliza mayeso azachipatala kuti atsimikizire kuti ali ndi chitetezo chokwanira. Palibe mankhwala enieni odziwika ndi ma virus, choncho chithandizo chamankhwala choyambirira ndiye chizindikiro.

Njira zodzitetezera ndikuphatikizira kusamba m'manja, kutseka pakamwa mukatsokomola, malo ochezera, kuvala chovala kumaso pagulu, kupewetsa tizilombo tating'onoting'ono, kupumira mpweya komanso kusefa mpweya, komanso kuwunika komanso kudzipatula kwa anthu omwe akuganiza kuti ali ndi kachilomboka. Akuluakulu padziko lonse lapansi ayankha pokhazikitsa malamulo oletsa kuyenda, kutsekereza, kuwongolera zoopsa pantchito, komanso kutseka malo kuti achepetse kufalikira kwa matendawa. Madera ambiri agwiranso ntchito kukulitsa mphamvu zoyeserera ndikutsata olumikizana ndi omwe ali ndi kachilomboka.

Mliriwu wadzetsa chisokonezo pakati pa anthu ndi zachuma padziko lonse lapansi, kuphatikiza kutsika kwachuma kwakukulu padziko lonse lapansi kuyambira nthawi ya Kusokonezeka Kwakukulu. Malinga ndi kuyerekezera, mpaka anthu 100 miliyoni agwera muumphawi wadzaoneni ndipo njala yapadziko lonse lapansi ikukhudza anthu 130 miliyoni. Zatsogolera kuimitsidwa kapena kuimitsidwa kwa zochitika zamasewera, zachipembedzo, zandale, ndi zachikhalidwe, kuchepa kwa kupezeka kwa zinthu kukukulirakulira chifukwa chogula mwamantha, ndikuchepetsa kutulutsa kwa zoipitsa ndi mpweya wowonjezera kutentha. Malo ophunzitsira adatsekedwa pang'ono kapena kwathunthu, ambiri akusintha kupita pa intaneti. Zambiri zabodza zokhudza kachilomboka zafalikira kudzera muma TV ndi media. Pakhala zochitika zambiri za kusankhana mitundu komanso kusankhana mitundu anthu aku China komanso anthu omwe akuwoneka kuti ndi achi China kapena ochokera kumadera omwe ali ndi matenda ambiri.