Muhammad

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Muhammad dzina mu mzikiti

Muhammad (Arabic: محمد) ( c 570 CE - 632 CE June 8.) [1] ali woyambitsa wa Islam.[2] Iye chikudziwika ngati "Mtumiki woyela" kwa Asilamu pafupifupi onse amene kuti iyeyo mneneri wotsiriza wotumidwa ndi Mulungu kwa anthu kubwezeretsa Islam.

kubadwa[edit | edit source]

Muhammad anabadwa pafupifupi 570 CE mu mzinda Arabia wa Mecca. bambo dzina Abdullah ndi mayi dzina Amina.[3]

Mecca moyo[edit | edit source]

Ubwana[edit | edit source]

Atate anamwalira miyezi 6 pamaso Muhammad anabadwa. Ndili ndi zaka zisanu ndi chimodzi, Muhammad mayi ake anamwalira Amina.[4] kufikira zaka zisanu ndi zitatu zakubadwa, Muhammad anali pansi pa woyang'anira wa agogo ake Abdul Muttalib. Mu m'badwo wa achinyamata,Muhammad anayenda ku Syria malonda. Chifukwa cha chikhalidwe kupereka dzina labwino "Al-Amin", kutanthauza "woona mtima ndiponso wokhulupirika," ndi "al-Sadiq," kutanthauza "choonadi".[5]

vumbulutso loyamba[edit | edit source]

Pakhomo la phanga Hira

Pamene iye anali ndi zaka 40, anali maola ambiri mu pemphero ndi kuganiza za chilengedwe.[6] Muhammad ndi kuganizira chiwawa, chilungamo wamba mwa mitundu kudya. Mu hira phanga mngelo jibril anakaonekera Muhammad. jibril anati "Werengani", koma Muhammad anayankha "sinditha kuwerenga". mngelo kum'gwira iye namfungatira. Muhammad limanena Quranic ndime. Izi ndi vumbulutso loyamba.

Gwero[edit | edit source]

  1. Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition. Many earlier (mainly non-Islamic) traditions refer to him as still alive at the time of the invasion of Palestine. See Stephen J. Shoemaker,The Death of a Prophet: The End of Muhammad's Life and the Beginnings of Islam,Template:Page needed University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.
  2. Morgan, Diane (2009). Essential Islam: A Comprehensive Guide to Belief and Practice. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-313-36025-1. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  3. Watt, Amina, Encyclopaedia of Islam
  4. Watt (1974), p. 8.
  5. Shibli Nomani. Sirat-un-Nabi. Vol 1 Lahore