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National Aeronautics and Space Administration

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA / ˈnæsə /) ndi bungwe lodziyimira palokha la boma la U.S. NASA idakhazikitsidwa mu 1958, kutsata National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). Bungwe latsopanoli liyenera kukhala lotsogola, lolimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito mwamtendere sayansi yasayansi. Chiyambire kukhazikitsidwa, zoyesayesa zambiri zaku US zakutsogola zakhala zikutsogoleredwa ndi NASA, kuphatikiza malo okwera a Apollo Moon, station ya Skylab, kenako Space Shuttle. NASA ikuthandizira International Space Station ndipo ikuyang'anira ntchito yopanga zombo za Orion, Space Launch System, Commerce Crew magalimoto, ndi malo okonzekera malo a Lunar Gateway. Bungweli lilinso ndi udindo wa Launch Services Program, yomwe imayang'anira ntchito zoyambitsa ndi kuwongolera kuwerengera kwa kukhazikitsidwa kwa NASA kosadziwika.

Sayansi ya NASA imayang'ana kwambiri pakumvetsetsa Dziko Lapansi kudzera pa Earth Observation System; kupititsa patsogolo heliophysics kudzera mu kuyesetsa kwa Science Mission Directorate's Heliophysics Research Program; kuyang'ana matupi mu Dzuwa ndi zida zapamwamba za robotic monga New Horizons; [1]ndikufufuza mitu ya astrophysics, monga Big Bang, kudzera mu Great Observatories ndi mapulogalamu ena.[2]

Mishoni[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

NASA yakhazikitsa maulendo opitilira 500 m'mbiri yake yazaka 50. Ntchito zopitilira 150 zidakwera anthu. Mautumiki oterewa ndiokwera mtengo kwambiri ndipo ndiotchuka kwambiri koma zotsegulira zambiri ndizofufuza mlengalenga, sayansi, ndi zina zomwe sizikusowa anthu. Zombo za NASA monga Cassini-Huygens ndi pulogalamu ya Voyager zayendera dziko lonse lapansi mu Solar System. Zombo zinayi za NASA zasiya Solar System, Voyager 1, Voyager 2, Pioneer 10 ndi Pioneer 11. Pofika mu 2013 Voyager 1 ili pafupi makilomita 18,800,000,000 (18.8 biliyoni) kuchokera Padziko Lapansi.[3]

Zolemba[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

  1. Roston, Michael (August 28, 2015). "NASA's Next Horizon in Space". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 29, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  2. Netting, Ruth (July 13, 2009). "Astrophysics—NASA Science". Archived from the original on July 16, 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
  3. Spaceflight, Mike Wall 2013-09-13T09:09:40Z. "Interstellar Traveler: NASA's Voyager 1 Probe On 40,000-Year Trek to Distant Star". Space.com (in English). Retrieved 2019-03-07.