Pelé

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Pele mu 2006
Edson Arantes do Nascimento (Pele), Wampikisano wa World Cup Soccer komanso Wotsogolera, Empresas Pele, Brazil adagwira nawo gawo loti 'Kodi Mpira Ungasinthe Dziko Lapansi: Udindo Wamasewera Pachitukuko' Pamsonkhano Wapachaka 2006 wa World Economic Forum ku Davos , Switzerland, Januware 26, 2006.

Edson Arantes do Nascimento (wobadwa 23 Okutobala 1940), wotchedwa Pelé, ndi wosewera wakale waku Brazil yemwe adasewera patsogolo. Amadziwika kuti ndi m'modzi mwamasewera osewerera nthawi zonse ndipo amadziwika kuti "wamkulu kwambiri" ndi FIFA, anali m'modzi mwamasewera opambana kwambiri komanso odziwika bwino m'zaka za zana la 20. Mu 1999 adatchedwa Athlete of the Century ndi International Olympic Committee ndipo adaphatikizidwa m'ndandanda ya Nthawi ya anthu 100 ofunikira kwambiri mzaka za zana la 20. Mu 2000, Pelé adasankhidwa World Player of the Century ndi International Federation of Soccer History & Statistics (IFFHS), ndipo anali m'modzi mwa opambana awiri a FIFA Player of the Century. Zolinga zake 1,279 m'masewera 1,363, omwe amaphatikizapo masewera, amadziwika kuti ndi Guinness World Record.

Pelé adayamba kusewera Santos ali ndi zaka 15 komanso timu yadziko lonse ku Brazil ali ndi zaka 16. Pa ntchito yake yapadziko lonse lapansi, adapambana ma FIFA World Cup atatu: 1958, 1962 ndi 1970, wosewera yekhayo amene adachita izi. Pelé ndiye wotsogola kwambiri ku Brazil ndi zolinga 77 pamasewera 92. Pa mulingo wa kilabu, ndiwosankha bwino kwambiri ku Santos ndi zolinga 643 m'masewera 659. Munthawi yagolide ku Santos, adatsogolera kilabu ku 1962 ndi 1963 Copa Libertadores, komanso ku 1962 ndi 1963 Intercontinental Cup. Wodziwika kuti walumikiza mawu oti "Masewera Okongola" ndi mpira, "masewera osangalatsa a Pelé komanso okonda zolinga zowoneka bwino" adamupanga kukhala nyenyezi padziko lonse lapansi, ndipo magulu ake adayendera padziko lonse lapansi kuti agwiritse ntchito kutchuka kwake. M'masiku ake akusewera, Pelé anali wothamanga wolipira kwambiri padziko lapansi. Chiyambireni kupuma pantchito ku 1977, Pelé wakhala kazembe wapadziko lonse lapansi wa mpira ndipo wachita zambiri zachitetezo komanso zamalonda. Mu 2010, adasankhidwa kukhala Purezidenti Wolemekezeka wa New York Cosmos.

Poyerekeza pafupifupi cholinga pamasewera pantchito yake yonse, Pelé anali waluso pomenya mpira ndi phazi limodzi kuphatikiza pakuyembekezera mayendedwe a otsutsana naye kumunda. Ngakhale anali womenya, amathanso kulowa pansi ndikuchita nawo masewera ena, kuwathandiza kuwona masomphenya ake komanso kutha kupitapo, ndipo amathanso kugwiritsa ntchito luso lake loyenda kuti apitirire otsutsa. Ku Brazil, amatamandidwa ngati ngwazi yapadziko lonse lapansi pazomwe amachita bwino mu mpira komanso chifukwa chothandizira mosapita m'mbali mfundo zomwe zikuthandizira anthu osauka. Kutuluka kwake pa World Cup ya 1958 pomwe adakhala nyenyezi yoyamba yakuda yapadziko lonse lapansi idalimbikitsa. Panthawi yonse yomwe anali pantchito komanso atapuma pantchito, Pelé adalandira mphotho zingapo payekha komanso pagulu chifukwa chakuchita kwake pamunda, zomwe adachita bwino, komanso mbiri yake pamasewera.