Prime Minister waku Japan

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Prime Minister waku Japan (mwamwayi amatchedwa PMOJ) ndiye mtsogoleri waboma la Japan, wamkulu wa National Cabinet and the chief-chief of the Japanese Armed Forces; Amasankhidwa ndi Emperor waku Japan atasankhidwa ndi National Diet ndipo akuyenera kukhala ndi chidaliro ku Nyumba ya Oyimilira kuti apitiliza kugwira ntchito. Ndiye mutu wa nduna ndipo amasankha ndikuchotsa nduna zina zaboma. Kutanthauzira kwenikweni kwa dzina laku Japan ku ofesiyo ndi Minister of the Comprehensive Administration of (kapena Presidency over) a Cabinet.

Prime minister wapano ku Japan ndi a Fumio Kishida, omwe adalowa m'malo mwa Yoshihide Suga pa 4 Okutobala 2021.[1]

Mbiri[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Lamulo la Meiji lisanakhazikitsidwe, dziko la Japan silinachite kulembedwa. Poyambirira, dongosolo lalamulo louziridwa ndi Chitchaina lotchedwa ritsuryō lidakhazikitsidwa kumapeto kwa nyengo ya Asuka komanso nthawi yoyambirira ya Nara. Idalongosola boma lotsogozedwa ndi ukadaulo wapamwamba komanso wopindulitsa, wogwira ntchito, mwamalingaliro, motsogozedwa ndi Emperor; ngakhale pakuchita, mphamvu zenizeni nthawi zambiri zimachitikira kwina, monga m'manja mwa banja la Fujiwara, omwe adakwatirana ndi Imperial Family munthawi ya Heian, kapena ndi wolamulira shōgun. Mwachidziwitso, ritsuryō code yomalizira, Yōrō Code yomwe inakhazikitsidwa mu 752, inali ikugwirabe ntchito pa nthawi ya Kubwezeretsa kwa Meiji.

Pansi pa dongosolo lino, a Daijō-daijin (太 政 大臣, Chancellor of the Realm) anali mtsogoleri wa Daijō-kan (Dipatimenti Yaboma), bungwe lalikulu kwambiri m'boma lachifumu lakale ku Japan munthawi ya Heian mpaka pano Constitution ya Meiji ndikusankhidwa kwa Sanjō Sanetomi ku 1871. Ofesiyi idasinthidwa mu 1885 ndikusankhidwa kwa Itō Hirobumi kukhala Prime Minister, zaka zinayi kukhazikitsidwa kwa Constitution ya Meiji, komwe sikunatchuleko Cabinet kapena udindo a Prime Minister momveka bwino. Zinatenga mawonekedwe ake pakadali pano kukhazikitsidwa kwa Constitution of Japan ku 1947.[2][3]

Pakadali pano, anthu 64 agwiranso ntchitoyi. Prime minister yemwe watenga nthawi yayitali mpaka pano ndi Shinzō Abe, yemwe adatumikira monga prime minister munjira ziwiri: kuyambira 26 Seputembara 2006 mpaka 26 Seputembara 2007, komanso kuyambira 26 Disembala 2012 mpaka 16 Seputembara 2020.[4]

Ziyeneretso[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

  • Ayenera kukhala membala wa nyumba iliyonse yazakudya. (Izi zikutanthauza zaka zosachepera 25 komanso kufunikira kokhala dziko la Japan.)
  • Ayenera kukhala wamba. Izi sizikuphatikiza mamembala achitetezo a Japan. Asitikali akale amatha kusankhidwa, Yasuhiro Nakasone ndi chitsanzo chabwino.

Zolemba[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

  1. "Fumio Kishida: Japan's new prime minister takes office". BBC News (in English). 2021-10-04.
  2. Article 55 of the Imperial Constitution only bound the ministers of state, i.e. all members of the cabinet including the prime minister, to "give their advice to the Emperor and be responsible for it."
  3. Kantei: Cabinet System of Japan
  4. "Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe officially resigns". CBSNews. AP. 16 September 2020.