Purezidenti wa Algeria

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عبد المجيد تبون نيكوس دندياس 2020 (cropped) 2.jpg

Purezidenti wa People's Democratic Republic of Algeria ndiye mtsogoleri waboma komanso wamkulu wa Algeria, komanso wamkulu wa wamkulu wa Gulu Lankhondo Laku Algeria.

Mbiri ya ofesi[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Pulogalamu ya Tripoli, yomwe idakhala ngati malamulo aku Algeria pomwe idapambana nkhondo yake yodziyimira pawokha kuchokera ku France ku 1962, idakhazikitsa Purezidenti ngati mutu waboma ndi Prime Minister wothandizira magwiridwe antchito aboma. Kuyendetsa ndale kunachititsa kuti pakhale lamulo latsopano mu 1963 lomwe linathetsa udindo wa Prime Minister ndikupereka mphamvu zonse kuofesi ya Purezidenti. Kwa zaka makumi anayi zoyambira ufulu, boma limayang'aniridwa ngati chipani chimodzi ndi National Liberation Front kapena. Utsogoleri udachitidwa ndi mamembala angapo a FLN; Ahmed Ben Bella, Houari Boumédienne ndi Chadli Bendjedid. Malamulo omwe adalembedwa mu 1976 adasungabe mphamvu ya Purezidenti, koma kusintha kwa 1979 kudachotsa udindo wa boma ku ofesi.

Chakumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 1980, panali ufulu ku boma la FLN. Komabe, pomwe Islamic Salvation Front idapambana zisankho zanyumba yamalamulo mu 1991, asitikali adakakamiza a Chadli Bendjedid kuti athetse nyumba yamalamulo ndikuchoka pa 11 Januware 1992. Asitikali adalengeza kuti ali pangozi ndikulanda boma la dzikolo, ndikupanga mamembala asanu Khonsolo Yaikulu Ya Boma. Khonsoloyi idasankha Purezidenti, a Muhammad Boudiaf, kuti atenge udindo wazaka zitatu kuti athe kubwerera kuchisankho chabungwe. Komabe, Boudiaf adaphedwa ndipo adalowa m'malo mwa Ali Kafi. Pakadali pano, dzikolo lidayamba kukhala nkhondo yapachiweniweni, pakati pa boma lankhondo ndi zigawenga zachisilamu. Kafi adasinthidwa mu 1994 ndi Liamine Zéroual, yemwe adayitanitsa chisankho choyamba mu 1995, ndikupambana nthawi yonse yazaka zisanu mosavuta pazisankho zotsutsana pomwe nkhondo yapachiweniweni ikupitilira. Adayitananso chisankho china choyambirira mu 1999, pomwe zigawenga zachisilamu zidaponderezedwa. Abdelaziz Bouteflika adapambana zisankhozi anthu ena atasiya. Adapambananso pa 8 Epulo 2004, pazisankho zomwe zidatsutsidwa, adapambananso mu 2009, osatsutsidwa, ndi 2014; adalengeza kuti apikisana nawo pachisankho chachisanu pachisankho chomwe chidachitika pa 18 Epulo 2019, koma, pa 2 Epulo 2019, adasiya ntchito nthawi yake isanamalize, chifukwa chokakamizidwa ndi asitikali atachita ziwonetsero.

Malinga ndi Article 102 ya malamulo aku Algeria, a Abdelkader Bensalah, Purezidenti wa Council of the Nation, adakhala Purezidenti wadziko lino a Abdelaziz Bouteflika atasiya ntchito pa 2 Epulo 2019. Nthawi yake itha kukhala yopitilira masiku 90, mpaka zisankho, zomwe sanatenge nawo mbali, zinachitika.

Purezidenti wapano ndi a Abdelmadjid Tebboune, omwe adapambana zisankho zaku Algeria ku 2019 pa 12 Disembala ndikuyamba ntchito pa 19 Disembala 2019.

Zolemba zkunja[Sinthani | sintha gwero]