Geoffrey Chaucer

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Geoffery Chaucer

Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1340 - 25 Okutobala 1400) ndi wolemba ndakatulo wachingerezi. Amadziwika kuti "bambo wa zolemba za Chingerezi". Ndiwotchuka kwambiri chifukwa cha Nkhani zaku Canterbury.

Moyo[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Chaucer anabadwira ku London cha m'ma 1340. Iye anali mwana wa wamalonda wachuma. Ali mwana, adatumikira monga mnyamata wantchito kwa wotchuka wa Ulster, ndipo pambuyo pake ngati valet m'nyumba yachifumu. Mu 1360, atamugwira pamene anali kumenya nawo nkhondo zaku France, Edward III adapereka dipo lake, ndipo pambuyo pake Chaucer adakwatirana ndi a Philippa de Roet, mdzakazi wolemekezeka kwa mfumukazi komanso apongozi ake a John of Gaunt, woyang'anira Chaucer.

Chaucer adakhala zaka zambiri akugwira ntchito yachifumu, monga woyang'anira miyambo kudoko la London, monga chilungamo chamtendere ku Kent, komanso ngati membala wa Nyumba Yamalamulo. Maudindo ake adamutengera ku France ndi ku Italiya, komwe mwina adakumana ndi Boccaccio ndi Petrarch ndipo adapeza ndakatulo za Dante—zomwe zimawoneka pakulemba kwake.

Nthawi[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Chombo cha Chaucer chimagawika nthawi zitatu. Nthawi ya France (mpaka 1372) ili ndi ntchito ngati traslation ya Roman de la Rose ndi Bukhu la Duchess. Nthawi yaku Italiya (1372-1385) imaphatikizapo Troilus ndi Criseyde. Pomaliza, nthawi ya Chingerezi (1385-1400) imathera mu Nkhani zaku Canterbury.

Imfa[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Chaucer anamwalira mu 1400. Anasiya Nkhani zaku Canterbury osamalizidwa, atangomaliza nkhani 24 pa 100 zoyambirira zomwe zidakonzedwa koyambirira. Chaucer adakhala woyamba mwa akulu akulu aku England kuti aikidwe paKona yaNdakatulo ya Westminster Abbey.