Wernher von Braun

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Wernher von Braun mu 1964

Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (23 Marichi 1912-16 June 1977) anali injiniya komanso wasayansi waku Germany. Adagwira ngati roketi wopanga pakati pa 1930s ndi 1970s. Anthu ena amati anali injiniya wofunikira kwambiri wa rocket m'zaka za zana la 20. Ankagwirira ntchito a Nazi munkhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse. Pambuyo pa nkhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse, adapita ku United States. Kumeneko, adagwira ntchito ku NASA. Mu 1955, zaka khumi atalowa mdzikolo, von Braun adakhala nzika yaku US.

Anali m'modzi mwa omwe amapanga rocket ya V-2, roketi yoyamba kuwuluka mpaka kuthambo. Adapanganso roketi ya Saturn V, yomwe idatengera anthu kumwezi mu 1969.[1]

Moyo wakuubwana[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

Von Braun adabadwira ku Wirsitz (lero: Wyrzysk) ku Poland pa 23 Marichi 1912. Abambo ake anali wamkulu wa banki yofunikira. Munthawi ya Republic of Weimar, abambo ake anali nduna ya chakudya ndi ulimi, a Magnus Freiherr von Braun. Amayi a Von Braun anali a Emmy von Quistorp, mwana wamkazi wa membala wa Prussian House of Lords.

Mu 1920, adasamukira ku Berlin. M'zaka zoyambira sukulu, von Braun adapita kusukulu yasekondale yaku France ku Berlin. Ali ndi zaka 13, adapeza telescope. Mphatso iyi idadzutsa chidwi chake pa zakuthambo. Chifukwa cha zipsera zoyipa, von Braun adayenera kupita kusukulu ya boarding kufupi ndi Weimar, mu 1925. Adagula ndi ndalama zake zowonjezera buku la Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen (Chingerezi: The Rocket into Interplanetary Space) lolembedwa ndi Hermann Oberth, womwe ndi maziko a kafukufuku wamakono wa rocket. Mu 1928, adapita kusukulu ya boarding yotchedwa Hermann-Lietz-Internat pachilumba cha Spiekeroog ku Germany. Mu 1930, adakhoza mayeso ake omaliza.

Anayamba kuphunzira ku Technical University of Berlin mchilimwe cha 1930. Von Braun adaphunziranso ku ETH Zurich, mu 1931. Kumapeto kwa Seputembara 1931, adabwerera ku Berlin.

Zolemba[Sinthani | sintha gwero]

  1. "Biography of Wernher von Braun in German" (in German). Deutsches Historisches Museum. Retrieved 2010-11-15.